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Targeting MDM2 enhances antileukemia immunity after allogeneic transplantation via MHC-II and TRAIL-R1/2 upregulation


Abstract

Patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) often achieve remission after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) but subsequently die of relapse driven by leukemia cells resistant to elimination by allogeneic T cells based on decreased major histocompatibility complex II (MHC-II) expression and apoptosis resistance. Here we demonstrate that mouse-double-minute-2 (MDM2) inhibition can counteract immune evasion of AML. MDM2 inhibition induced MHC class I and II expression in murine and human AML cells. Using xenografts of human AML and syngeneic mouse models of leukemia, we show that MDM2 inhibition enhanced cytotoxicity against leukemia cells and improved survival. MDM2 inhibition also led to increases in tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand receptor-1 and -2 (TRAIL-R1/2) on leukemia cells and higher frequencies of CD8+CD27lowPD-1lowTIM-3low T cells, with features of cytotoxicity (perforin+CD107a+TRAIL+) and longevity (bcl-2+IL-7R+). CD8+ T cells isolated from leukemia-bearing MDM2 inhibitor-treated allo-HCT recipients exhibited higher glycolytic activity and enrichment for nucleotides and their precursors compared with vehicle control subjects. T cells isolated from MDM2 inhibitor-treated AML-bearing mice eradicated leukemia in secondary AML-bearing recipients. Mechanistically, the MDM2 inhibitor-mediated effects were p53-dependent because p53 knockdown abolished TRAIL-R1/2 and MHC-II upregulation, whereas p53 binding to TRAILR1/2 promotors increased upon MDM2 inhibition. The observations in the mouse models were complemented by data from human individuals. Patient-derived AML cells exhibited increased TRAIL-R1/2 and MHC-II expression on MDM2 inhibition. In summary, we identified a targetable vulnerability of AML cells to allogeneic T-cell-mediated cytotoxicity through the restoration of p53-dependent TRAIL-R1/2 and MHC-II production via MDM2 inhibition.

Abstract

Patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) often achieve remission after allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) but subsequently die of relapse driven by leukemia cells resistant to elimination by allogeneic T cells based on decreased major histocompatibility complex II (MHC-II) expression and apoptosis resistance. Here we demonstrate that mouse-double-minute-2 (MDM2) inhibition can counteract immune evasion of AML. MDM2 inhibition induced MHC class I and II expression in murine and human AML cells. Using xenografts of human AML and syngeneic mouse models of leukemia, we show that MDM2 inhibition enhanced cytotoxicity against leukemia cells and improved survival. MDM2 inhibition also led to increases in tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand receptor-1 and -2 (TRAIL-R1/2) on leukemia cells and higher frequencies of CD8+CD27lowPD-1lowTIM-3low T cells, with features of cytotoxicity (perforin+CD107a+TRAIL+) and longevity (bcl-2+IL-7R+). CD8+ T cells isolated from leukemia-bearing MDM2 inhibitor-treated allo-HCT recipients exhibited higher glycolytic activity and enrichment for nucleotides and their precursors compared with vehicle control subjects. T cells isolated from MDM2 inhibitor-treated AML-bearing mice eradicated leukemia in secondary AML-bearing recipients. Mechanistically, the MDM2 inhibitor-mediated effects were p53-dependent because p53 knockdown abolished TRAIL-R1/2 and MHC-II upregulation, whereas p53 binding to TRAILR1/2 promotors increased upon MDM2 inhibition. The observations in the mouse models were complemented by data from human individuals. Patient-derived AML cells exhibited increased TRAIL-R1/2 and MHC-II expression on MDM2 inhibition. In summary, we identified a targetable vulnerability of AML cells to allogeneic T-cell-mediated cytotoxicity through the restoration of p53-dependent TRAIL-R1/2 and MHC-II production via MDM2 inhibition.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Experimental Immunology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Biochemistry
Life Sciences > Immunology
Health Sciences > Hematology
Life Sciences > Cell Biology
Language:English
Date:8 September 2022
Deposited On:28 Feb 2023 09:54
Last Modified:28 May 2024 01:40
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0006-4971
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1182/blood.2022016082
PubMed ID:35853161
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