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Glucose Transporter 9 (GLUT9) Plays an Important Role in the Placental Uric Acid Transport System


Lüscher, Benjamin P; Albrecht, Christiane; Stieger, Bruno; Surbek, Daniel V; Baumann, Marc U (2022). Glucose Transporter 9 (GLUT9) Plays an Important Role in the Placental Uric Acid Transport System. Cells, 11(4):633.

Abstract

Background: Hyperuricemia is a common laboratory finding in pregnant women compromised by preeclampsia. A growing body of evidence suggests that uric acid is involved in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. Glucose transporter 9 (GLUT9) is a high-capacity uric acid transporter. The aim of this study was to investigate the placental uric acid transport system, and to identify the (sub-) cellular localization of GLUT9. Methods: Specific antibodies against GLUT9a and GLUT9b isoforms were raised, and human villous (placental) tissue was immunohistochemically stained. A systemic GLUT9 knockout (G9KO) mouse model was used to assess the placental uric acid transport capacity by measurements of uric acid serum levels in the fetal and maternal circulation. Results: GLUT9a and GLUT9b co-localized with the villous (apical) membrane, but not with the basal membrane, of the syncytiotrophoblast. Fetal and maternal uric acid serum levels were closely correlated. G9KO fetuses showed substantially higher uric acid serum concentrations than their mothers. Conclusions: These findings demonstrate that the placenta efficiently maintains uric acid homeostasis, and that GLUT9 plays a key role in the placental uric acid transport system, at least in this murine model. Further studies investigating the role of the placental uric acid transport system in preeclampsia are eagerly needed.

Abstract

Background: Hyperuricemia is a common laboratory finding in pregnant women compromised by preeclampsia. A growing body of evidence suggests that uric acid is involved in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. Glucose transporter 9 (GLUT9) is a high-capacity uric acid transporter. The aim of this study was to investigate the placental uric acid transport system, and to identify the (sub-) cellular localization of GLUT9. Methods: Specific antibodies against GLUT9a and GLUT9b isoforms were raised, and human villous (placental) tissue was immunohistochemically stained. A systemic GLUT9 knockout (G9KO) mouse model was used to assess the placental uric acid transport capacity by measurements of uric acid serum levels in the fetal and maternal circulation. Results: GLUT9a and GLUT9b co-localized with the villous (apical) membrane, but not with the basal membrane, of the syncytiotrophoblast. Fetal and maternal uric acid serum levels were closely correlated. G9KO fetuses showed substantially higher uric acid serum concentrations than their mothers. Conclusions: These findings demonstrate that the placenta efficiently maintains uric acid homeostasis, and that GLUT9 plays a key role in the placental uric acid transport system, at least in this murine model. Further studies investigating the role of the placental uric acid transport system in preeclampsia are eagerly needed.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > General Medicine
Uncontrolled Keywords:General Medicine
Language:English
Date:11 February 2022
Deposited On:04 Nov 2022 15:26
Last Modified:27 Jun 2024 01:41
Publisher:MDPI Publishing
ISSN:2073-4409
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/cells11040633
PubMed ID:35203284
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID51NF40-185544
  • : Project TitleNCCR TransCure: From transport physiology to identification of therapeutic targets (phase III)
  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)