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Process-oriented intelligence research: A review from the cognitive perspective


Frischkorn, Gidon T; Wilhelm, Oliver; Oberauer, Klaus (2022). Process-oriented intelligence research: A review from the cognitive perspective. Intelligence, 94:online.

Abstract

Despite over a century of research on intelligence, the cognitive processes underlying intelligent behavior are still
unclear. In this review, we summarize empirical results investigating the contribution of cognitive processes
associated with working memory capacity, processing speed, and executive processes to intelligence differences.
Specifically, we (a) evaluate how cognitive processes associated with the three different cognitive domains have
been measured, and (b) how these processes are related to individual differences in intelligence. Consistently,
this review illustrates that isolating single cognitive processes using average performance in cognitive tasks is
hardly possible. Instead, formal models that implement theories of cognitive processes underlying performance
in different cognitive tasks may provide more adequate indicators of single cognitive processes. Therefore, we
outlined which models for working memory capacity, processing speed, and executive processes may provide
more specific insights into cognitive processes associated with individual differences in intelligence. Finally, we
discuss implications of a process-oriented intelligence research using cognitive measurement models for psy-
chometric theories of intelligence and argue that a model-based approach might overcome validity problems of
traditional intelligence theories.

Abstract

Despite over a century of research on intelligence, the cognitive processes underlying intelligent behavior are still
unclear. In this review, we summarize empirical results investigating the contribution of cognitive processes
associated with working memory capacity, processing speed, and executive processes to intelligence differences.
Specifically, we (a) evaluate how cognitive processes associated with the three different cognitive domains have
been measured, and (b) how these processes are related to individual differences in intelligence. Consistently,
this review illustrates that isolating single cognitive processes using average performance in cognitive tasks is
hardly possible. Instead, formal models that implement theories of cognitive processes underlying performance
in different cognitive tasks may provide more adequate indicators of single cognitive processes. Therefore, we
outlined which models for working memory capacity, processing speed, and executive processes may provide
more specific insights into cognitive processes associated with individual differences in intelligence. Finally, we
discuss implications of a process-oriented intelligence research using cognitive measurement models for psy-
chometric theories of intelligence and argue that a model-based approach might overcome validity problems of
traditional intelligence theories.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Social Sciences & Humanities > Developmental and Educational Psychology
Social Sciences & Humanities > Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous), Developmental and Educational Psychology, Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
Language:English
Date:28 July 2022
Deposited On:18 Nov 2022 14:23
Last Modified:29 Jan 2024 02:47
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0160-2896
OA Status:Hybrid
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.intell.2022.101681
Official URL:https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0160289622000629?via%3Dihub
  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)