Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Nucleophilic ability of 5-aminopyrazoles in the multicomponent synthesis of pyrazolodihydropyridines and pyrazolodihydropyrimidines


Varzaneh, Mahdi Ahmadi; Memarian, Hamid R; Rudbari, Hadi Amiri; Blacque, Olivier (2022). Nucleophilic ability of 5-aminopyrazoles in the multicomponent synthesis of pyrazolodihydropyridines and pyrazolodihydropyrimidines. Australian Journal of Chemistry, 75(3):181-196.

Abstract

The nucleophilic ability of substituted 5-aminopyrazoles and the type of dicarbonyl component were investigated to synthesise various pyrazolodihydropyridines and pyrazolodihydropyrimidines. In this multicomponent reaction, two possible reaction mechanisms are proposed to elucidate the importance of the nucleophilic positions in the 5-aminopyrazole molecule leading to the different cyclocondensation products. The extent of the nucleophilicity of the C4-position (β-position of the enamine moiety), the lone pairs of the N1-atom and the NH2 group in the pyrazole molecule affect the reaction time and type of product formed. The acidity of the CH2 moiety of the β-dicarbonyl compound may affect the type of product formed. 1H and 13C NMR data and the X-ray crystal structure analysis support the experimental work and the formed product type.

Keywords: 5-Aminopyrazoles, cyclocondensation, Knoevenagel condensation, multicomponent reactions, Nucleophilic ability, pyrazolodihydropyridines, pyrazolodihydropyrimidines.

Abstract

The nucleophilic ability of substituted 5-aminopyrazoles and the type of dicarbonyl component were investigated to synthesise various pyrazolodihydropyridines and pyrazolodihydropyrimidines. In this multicomponent reaction, two possible reaction mechanisms are proposed to elucidate the importance of the nucleophilic positions in the 5-aminopyrazole molecule leading to the different cyclocondensation products. The extent of the nucleophilicity of the C4-position (β-position of the enamine moiety), the lone pairs of the N1-atom and the NH2 group in the pyrazole molecule affect the reaction time and type of product formed. The acidity of the CH2 moiety of the β-dicarbonyl compound may affect the type of product formed. 1H and 13C NMR data and the X-ray crystal structure analysis support the experimental work and the formed product type.

Keywords: 5-Aminopyrazoles, cyclocondensation, Knoevenagel condensation, multicomponent reactions, Nucleophilic ability, pyrazolodihydropyridines, pyrazolodihydropyrimidines.

Statistics

Citations

Altmetrics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > General Chemistry
Uncontrolled Keywords:General Chemistry
Language:English
Date:1 February 2022
Deposited On:09 Nov 2022 14:05
Last Modified:27 Jun 2024 01:41
Publisher:Csiro Publishing
ISSN:0004-9425
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1071/ch21228
Full text not available from this repository.