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Pseudotetrahedral Zn(II)-( R or S)-dihalogen-salicylaldiminato complexes with Λ- or Δ-chirality induction at-metal


Rudbari, Hadi Amiri; Saadati, Arezoo; Aryaeifar, Mahnaz; Blacque, Olivier; Correia, Isabel; Islam, Mohammad Khairul; Woschko, Dennis; Janiak, Christoph; Enamullah, Mohammed (2022). Pseudotetrahedral Zn(II)-( R or S)-dihalogen-salicylaldiminato complexes with Λ- or Δ-chirality induction at-metal. Dalton Transactions, 51(6):2385-2399.

Abstract

Reactions of enantiopure (S or R)-N-1-(phenyl)ethyl-2,4-X1,X2-salicylaldimine (S-H or R-H; X1, X2 = dihalogen) with Zn(II)-nitrate give bis[(S or R)-N-1-(phenyl)ethyl-2,4-X1,X2-salicylaldiminato-κ2N,O]-zinc(II), (Δ-ZnS or Λ-ZnR) with Δ/Λ-chirality induction at-metal in the C2-symmetric molecules. EI-mass spectra show parent ion peaks. X-ray structures indicate that two phenolate-oxygen and two imine-nitrogen atoms from two molecules of the Schiff bases coordinate to the Zn(II) ion in a pseudotetrahedral geometry. Structural analyses give evidence that the S- or R-ligand chirality gives only one diastereomer Δ-ZnS or Λ-ZnR in an enantiopure crystal. Gas-phase optimized structures suggest that the Δ-ZnS or Λ-ZnR diastereomers are slightly more stable than Λ-ZnS or Δ-ZnR by 1-2 kcal mol-1. The intramolecular interactions were analyzed with the Independent Gradient Model (IGM) using the program Multiwfn on the optimized structures and also indicate the diastereomeric preference of Δ-ZnS1 over Λ-ZnS1 (or Λ-ZnR1 over Δ-ZnR1). Variable time and temperature 1H NMR spectra support the presence of only one diastereomer Λ-ZnR or Δ-ZnS in the bulk samples, backed by the simulated spectra which exhibit no diastereomerization in solution. In contrast, the reported Zn(II)-(R or S)-salicylaldiminato/naphthaldiminato complexes show a diastereomeric mixture of both Δ- and Λ-forms and a Δ ⇄ Λ equilibrium in solution. Electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra in solution display expected mirror-image relationships for the (S or R)-Schiff base ligands and the (S or R)-ligated complexes. Combined analyses of experimental and simulated ECD spectra further support the notion of diastereomeric excess of Δ-ZnS or Λ-ZnR in solution. The overall results thus suggest the preservation of chirality at-zinc induced by S- or R-ligands in a solid or solution. Supramolecular packing analyses explore different kinds of intermolecular interactions with the strongest one for X⋯O. Only the halogen atom in the para position is involved in these interactions with Br⋯O > Cl⋯O. Hirshfeld surface analyses also support these interactions between two molecules at a distance shorter than the sum of the vdW radii. Comparison of the experimental and simulated PXRD patterns from the single-crystal X-ray structures shows a good matching and confirms the phase purity of the bulk samples.

Abstract

Reactions of enantiopure (S or R)-N-1-(phenyl)ethyl-2,4-X1,X2-salicylaldimine (S-H or R-H; X1, X2 = dihalogen) with Zn(II)-nitrate give bis[(S or R)-N-1-(phenyl)ethyl-2,4-X1,X2-salicylaldiminato-κ2N,O]-zinc(II), (Δ-ZnS or Λ-ZnR) with Δ/Λ-chirality induction at-metal in the C2-symmetric molecules. EI-mass spectra show parent ion peaks. X-ray structures indicate that two phenolate-oxygen and two imine-nitrogen atoms from two molecules of the Schiff bases coordinate to the Zn(II) ion in a pseudotetrahedral geometry. Structural analyses give evidence that the S- or R-ligand chirality gives only one diastereomer Δ-ZnS or Λ-ZnR in an enantiopure crystal. Gas-phase optimized structures suggest that the Δ-ZnS or Λ-ZnR diastereomers are slightly more stable than Λ-ZnS or Δ-ZnR by 1-2 kcal mol-1. The intramolecular interactions were analyzed with the Independent Gradient Model (IGM) using the program Multiwfn on the optimized structures and also indicate the diastereomeric preference of Δ-ZnS1 over Λ-ZnS1 (or Λ-ZnR1 over Δ-ZnR1). Variable time and temperature 1H NMR spectra support the presence of only one diastereomer Λ-ZnR or Δ-ZnS in the bulk samples, backed by the simulated spectra which exhibit no diastereomerization in solution. In contrast, the reported Zn(II)-(R or S)-salicylaldiminato/naphthaldiminato complexes show a diastereomeric mixture of both Δ- and Λ-forms and a Δ ⇄ Λ equilibrium in solution. Electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra in solution display expected mirror-image relationships for the (S or R)-Schiff base ligands and the (S or R)-ligated complexes. Combined analyses of experimental and simulated ECD spectra further support the notion of diastereomeric excess of Δ-ZnS or Λ-ZnR in solution. The overall results thus suggest the preservation of chirality at-zinc induced by S- or R-ligands in a solid or solution. Supramolecular packing analyses explore different kinds of intermolecular interactions with the strongest one for X⋯O. Only the halogen atom in the para position is involved in these interactions with Br⋯O > Cl⋯O. Hirshfeld surface analyses also support these interactions between two molecules at a distance shorter than the sum of the vdW radii. Comparison of the experimental and simulated PXRD patterns from the single-crystal X-ray structures shows a good matching and confirms the phase purity of the bulk samples.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > Inorganic Chemistry
Uncontrolled Keywords:Inorganic Chemistry
Language:English
Date:1 January 2022
Deposited On:09 Jan 2023 18:03
Last Modified:27 Apr 2024 01:41
Publisher:Royal Society of Chemistry
ISSN:1477-9226
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1039/d1dt04220c
PubMed ID:35043801
Project Information:
  • : FunderUniversity of Isfahan
  • : Grant ID
  • : Project Title
  • : FunderAlexander von Humboldt-Stiftung
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