Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Rapid ex vivo reverse genetics identifies the essential determinants of prion protein toxicity


Reimann, Regina R; Puzio, Martina; Rosati, Antonella; Emmenegger, Marc; Schneider, Bernard L; Valdés, Pamela; Huang, Danzhi; Caflisch, Amedeo; Aguzzi, Adriano (2023). Rapid ex vivo reverse genetics identifies the essential determinants of prion protein toxicity. Brain Pathology, 33(2):e13130.

Abstract

The cellular prion protein PrP$^{C}$ mediates the neurotoxicity of prions and other protein aggregates through poorly understood mechanisms. Antibody-derived ligands against the globular domain of PrP$^{C}$ (GDL) can also initiate neurotoxicity by inducing an intramolecular R$_{208}$ -H$_{140}$ hydrogen bond ("H-latch") between the α2-α3 and β2-α2 loops of PrP$^{C}$ . Importantly, GDL that suppresses the H-latch prolong the life of prion-infected mice, suggesting that GDL toxicity and prion infections exploit convergent pathways. To define the structural underpinnings of these phenomena, we transduced 19 individual PrP$^{C}$ variants to PrP$^{C}$ -deficient cerebellar organotypic cultured slices using adenovirus-associated viral vectors (AAV). We report that GDL toxicity requires a single N-proximal cationic residue (K$_{27}$ or R$_{27}$ ) within PrP$^{C}$ . Alanine substitution of K$_{27}$ also prevented the toxicity of PrP$^{C}$ mutants that induce Shmerling syndrome, a neurodegenerative disease that is suppressed by co-expression of wild-type PrP$^{C}$ . K$_{27}$ may represent an actionable target for compounds aimed at preventing prion-related neurodegeneration.

Abstract

The cellular prion protein PrP$^{C}$ mediates the neurotoxicity of prions and other protein aggregates through poorly understood mechanisms. Antibody-derived ligands against the globular domain of PrP$^{C}$ (GDL) can also initiate neurotoxicity by inducing an intramolecular R$_{208}$ -H$_{140}$ hydrogen bond ("H-latch") between the α2-α3 and β2-α2 loops of PrP$^{C}$ . Importantly, GDL that suppresses the H-latch prolong the life of prion-infected mice, suggesting that GDL toxicity and prion infections exploit convergent pathways. To define the structural underpinnings of these phenomena, we transduced 19 individual PrP$^{C}$ variants to PrP$^{C}$ -deficient cerebellar organotypic cultured slices using adenovirus-associated viral vectors (AAV). We report that GDL toxicity requires a single N-proximal cationic residue (K$_{27}$ or R$_{27}$ ) within PrP$^{C}$ . Alanine substitution of K$_{27}$ also prevented the toxicity of PrP$^{C}$ mutants that induce Shmerling syndrome, a neurodegenerative disease that is suppressed by co-expression of wild-type PrP$^{C}$ . K$_{27}$ may represent an actionable target for compounds aimed at preventing prion-related neurodegeneration.

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics
1 citation in Web of Science®
1 citation in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

60 downloads since deposited on 24 Nov 2022
40 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Biochemistry
07 Faculty of Science > Department of Biochemistry

04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Neuropathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > General Neuroscience
Health Sciences > Pathology and Forensic Medicine
Health Sciences > Neurology (clinical)
Language:English
Date:1 March 2023
Deposited On:24 Nov 2022 16:18
Last Modified:29 Jan 2024 02:49
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:1015-6305
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/bpa.13130
PubMed ID:36329611
  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)