Nuclear receptors are transcription factors with important functions in a variety of physiological and pathological processes. Targeting glucocorticoid receptor (GR) activity using glucocorticoids is a cornerstone in the treatment of patients with T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL), and resistance to GC-induced cell death is associated with poor outcome and a high risk for relapse. Next to ligand-binding, heterodimerization with other transcription factors presents an important mechanism for the regulation of GR activity. Here, we describe a GC-induced direct association of the Liver Receptor Homolog-1 (LRH-1) with the GR in the nucleus, which results in reciprocal inhibition of transcriptional activity. Pharmacological and molecular interference with LRH-1 impairs proliferation and survival in T-ALL and causes a profound sensitization to GC-induced cell death, even in GC-resistant T-ALL. Our data illustrate that direct interaction between GR and LRH-1 critically regulates glucocorticoid sensitivity in T-ALL opening up new perspectives for developing innovative therapeutic approaches to treat GC-resistant T-ALL.