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Manual and mechanical stripping-induced enamel roughness and elemental composition in vivo


Katsigialou, Niki; Sifakakis, Iosif; Zinelis, Spiros; Papageorgiou, Spyridon N; Eliades, Theodore (2023). Manual and mechanical stripping-induced enamel roughness and elemental composition in vivo. European Journal of Orthodontics, 45(3):250-257.

Abstract

Objectives
Interproximal enamel reduction (IPR) is routinely used in orthodontics to generate small to moderate amounts of space within the dental arch. Aim of this ex vivo study was to evaluate the effect of two different IPR systems on the enamel surface’s waviness, roughness, and elemental composition after 6 months of intraoral exposure.
Materials and methods
Fifteen orthodontic extraction patients were included in the present study. The 39 healthy premolars, which were scheduled to be extracted, were subjected to IPR at least 6 months before their extraction. IPR was performed on their mesial side with two different methods: (1) instrumented method with the Ortho-Strips system (on handpiece) and (2) manually with the Intensiv ProxoStrip (strips)—each with four different grits for contouring, finishing, and polishing. The distal side of each premolar served as its own internal control. Treated and untreated tooth surfaces were evaluated by optical profilometry, Raman, and scanning electron microscope/X-ray energy-dispersive (EDX) analyses. Data were analysed with descriptive statistics and generalized linear models at alpha = 5%.
Results
Both IPR methods significantly reduced the waviness of the enamel surface (P < 0.001), with manual IPR leading to smaller waviness reductions than the instrumented IPR (P ≤ 0.001). On the other side, both IPR methods led to a significant increase in enamel surface roughness (P < 0.001), with no significant differences between IPR methods. EDX and Raman analyses did not demonstrate any alterations on elemental composition of enamel after at least 6 months of intraoral exposure.
Conclusions
Both stripping systems led to a flatter but rougher enamel surface. Further polishing is needed to restore the initial enamel smoothness. The elemental composition of the stripped enamel returns to the baseline level after 6 months of intraoral exposure.

Abstract

Objectives
Interproximal enamel reduction (IPR) is routinely used in orthodontics to generate small to moderate amounts of space within the dental arch. Aim of this ex vivo study was to evaluate the effect of two different IPR systems on the enamel surface’s waviness, roughness, and elemental composition after 6 months of intraoral exposure.
Materials and methods
Fifteen orthodontic extraction patients were included in the present study. The 39 healthy premolars, which were scheduled to be extracted, were subjected to IPR at least 6 months before their extraction. IPR was performed on their mesial side with two different methods: (1) instrumented method with the Ortho-Strips system (on handpiece) and (2) manually with the Intensiv ProxoStrip (strips)—each with four different grits for contouring, finishing, and polishing. The distal side of each premolar served as its own internal control. Treated and untreated tooth surfaces were evaluated by optical profilometry, Raman, and scanning electron microscope/X-ray energy-dispersive (EDX) analyses. Data were analysed with descriptive statistics and generalized linear models at alpha = 5%.
Results
Both IPR methods significantly reduced the waviness of the enamel surface (P < 0.001), with manual IPR leading to smaller waviness reductions than the instrumented IPR (P ≤ 0.001). On the other side, both IPR methods led to a significant increase in enamel surface roughness (P < 0.001), with no significant differences between IPR methods. EDX and Raman analyses did not demonstrate any alterations on elemental composition of enamel after at least 6 months of intraoral exposure.
Conclusions
Both stripping systems led to a flatter but rougher enamel surface. Further polishing is needed to restore the initial enamel smoothness. The elemental composition of the stripped enamel returns to the baseline level after 6 months of intraoral exposure.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Orthodontics
Language:English
Date:31 May 2023
Deposited On:22 Dec 2022 15:46
Last Modified:28 Jun 2024 01:36
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0141-5387
Additional Information:This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in The European Journal of Orthodontics following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version Katsigialou, Niki; Sifakakis, Iosif; Zinelis, Spiros; Papageorgiou, Spyridon N; Eliades, Theodore (2022). Manual and mechanical stripping-induced enamel roughness and elemental composition in vivo. European Journal of Orthodontics:Online ahead of print is available online at: https://academic.oup.com/ejo/advance-article/doi/10.1093/ejo/cjac058/6779849?login=true
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/ejo/cjac058
PubMed ID:36308302
  • Content: Accepted Version
  • Language: English