Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Screening for Immunodeficiencies in Children With Invasive Pneumococcal Disease: Six-year Experience From a UK Children's Hospital


Bijker, Else M; Bateman, Elizabeth A L; Trück, Johannes; Patel, Smita; Kelly, Dominic F (2022). Screening for Immunodeficiencies in Children With Invasive Pneumococcal Disease: Six-year Experience From a UK Children's Hospital. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 41(7):575-578.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
A previous study showed that investigation of children with invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) revealed an immunodeficiency in up to 10% of cases. Following this report, we implemented a protocol to investigate children with IPD, to assess the proportion with an immunodeficiency in our setting.

METHODS
We retrospectively identified patients who presented with IPD from January 2015 to November 2020 and collected data from medical records. Immunological investigations included complement C3 and C4 levels, classical and alternative pathway complement function, IgG, IgA and IgM levels, specific IgG levels (H. influenza B, tetanus and pneumococcal serotypes), peripheral blood film, lymphocyte subsets, and CD62L-shedding upon activation with Toll-like receptor-agonists in selected cases.

RESULTS
We identified a total of 68 children with IPD, with a mortality of 6%. Immunological investigations were performed in 51 children. Four children (8%) had abnormal findings that were deemed of clinical significance. Two children had complement deficiencies (Factor I and C2 deficiency), one child had specific antibody deficiency, and another child had low IgM, low NK-cells and poor persistence of serotype-specific anti-pneumococcal IgG concentrations. Of the 17 children with IPD who were not tested for immunodeficiencies, 4 died and four had possible explanations for the infection.

CONCLUSIONS
We identified clinically relevant abnormal immunological findings in 4/51 (8%) of children with IPD. Our results support the recommendation to perform immunological investigations in children with IPD, since this might reveal underlying immunodeficiencies, allowing for necessary preventive measures and close follow-up.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
A previous study showed that investigation of children with invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) revealed an immunodeficiency in up to 10% of cases. Following this report, we implemented a protocol to investigate children with IPD, to assess the proportion with an immunodeficiency in our setting.

METHODS
We retrospectively identified patients who presented with IPD from January 2015 to November 2020 and collected data from medical records. Immunological investigations included complement C3 and C4 levels, classical and alternative pathway complement function, IgG, IgA and IgM levels, specific IgG levels (H. influenza B, tetanus and pneumococcal serotypes), peripheral blood film, lymphocyte subsets, and CD62L-shedding upon activation with Toll-like receptor-agonists in selected cases.

RESULTS
We identified a total of 68 children with IPD, with a mortality of 6%. Immunological investigations were performed in 51 children. Four children (8%) had abnormal findings that were deemed of clinical significance. Two children had complement deficiencies (Factor I and C2 deficiency), one child had specific antibody deficiency, and another child had low IgM, low NK-cells and poor persistence of serotype-specific anti-pneumococcal IgG concentrations. Of the 17 children with IPD who were not tested for immunodeficiencies, 4 died and four had possible explanations for the infection.

CONCLUSIONS
We identified clinically relevant abnormal immunological findings in 4/51 (8%) of children with IPD. Our results support the recommendation to perform immunological investigations in children with IPD, since this might reveal underlying immunodeficiencies, allowing for necessary preventive measures and close follow-up.

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics
3 citations in Web of Science®
3 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

1 download since deposited on 03 Jan 2023
0 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Pediatrics, Perinatology and Child Health
Health Sciences > Microbiology (medical)
Health Sciences > Infectious Diseases
Language:English
Date:1 July 2022
Deposited On:03 Jan 2023 08:11
Last Modified:28 Jun 2024 01:37
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:0891-3668
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/INF.0000000000003554
PubMed ID:35421038