Two biologically active adamantane-linked hydrazine-1-carbothioamide derivatives, namely 2-(adamantane-1-carbonyl)-N-(tert-butyl)hydrazine-1-carbothioamide) 1 and 2-(adamantane-1-carbonyl)-N-cyclohexylhydrazine-1-carbothioamide 2, have been synthesized. X-ray analysis was conducted to study the effect of the t-butyl and cyclohexyl moieties on the intermolecular interactions and conformation of the molecules in the solid state. X-ray analysis reveals that compound 1 exhibits folded conformation, whereas compound 2 adopts extended conformation. The Hirshfeld surface analysis indicates that the contributions of the major intercontacts involved in the stabilization of the crystal structures do not change much as a result of the t-butyl and cyclohexyl moieties. However, the presence and absence of these contacts is revealed by the 2D-fingerprint plots. The CLP–Pixel method was used to identify the energetically significant molecular dimers. These dimers are stabilized by different types of intermolecular interactions such as N–H···S, N–H···O, C–H···S, C–H···O, H–H bonding and C–H···π interactions. The strength of these interactions was quantified by using the QTAIM approach. The results suggest that N–H···O interaction is found to be stronger among other interactions. The in vitro assay suggests that both compounds 1 and 2 exhibit urease inhibition potential, and these compounds also display moderate antiproliferative activities. Molecular docking analysis shows the key interaction between urease enzyme and title compounds.
adamantane; hydrazine-1-carbothioamide; Hirshfeld surface; CLP–Pixel; QTAIM; molecular docking; urease inhibition; antiproliferative agents; H-H bonding