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Weak Noncovalent Interactions in Three Closely Related Adamantane-Linked 1,2,4-Triazole N-Mannich Bases: Insights from Energy Frameworks, Hirshfeld Surface Analysis, In Silico 11β-HSD1 Molecular Docking and ADMET Prediction


Al-Wahaibi, Lamya H; Macías, Mario A; Blacque, Olivier; Zondagh, Luke S; Joubert, Jacques; Thamotharan, Subbiah; Percino, María Judith; Mohamed, Ahmed A B; El-Emam, Ali A (2022). Weak Noncovalent Interactions in Three Closely Related Adamantane-Linked 1,2,4-Triazole N-Mannich Bases: Insights from Energy Frameworks, Hirshfeld Surface Analysis, In Silico 11β-HSD1 Molecular Docking and ADMET Prediction. Molecules, 27(21):7403.

Abstract

Structural analysis and docking studies of three adamantane-linked 1,2,4-triazole N-Mannich bases (1–3) are presented. Compounds 1, 2 and 3 crystallized in the monoclinic P21/c, P21 and P21/n space groups, respectively. Crystal packing of 1 was stabilized by intermolecular C-H⋯O interactions, whereas compounds 2 and 3 were stabilized through intermolecular C-H⋯N, C-H⋯S and C-H⋯π interactions. The energy frameworks for crystal structures of 1–3 were described. The substituent effect on the intermolecular interactions and their contributions were described on the basis of Hirshfeld surface analyses. The 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1) inhibition potential, pharmacokinetic and toxicity profiles of compounds 1–3 were determined using in silico techniques. Molecular docking of the compounds into the 11β-HSD1 active site showed comparable binding affinity scores (−7.50 to −8.92 kcal/mol) to the 11β-HSD1 co-crystallized ligand 4YQ (−8.48 kcal/mol, 11β-HSD1 IC50 = 9.9 nM). The compounds interacted with key active site residues, namely Ser170 and Tyr183, via strong hydrogen bond interactions. The predicted pharmacokinetic and toxicity profiles of the compounds were assessed, and were found to exhibit excellent ADMET potential.
Keywords:
adamantane; 1,2,4-triazole; single crystal X-ray; Hirshfeld surface analysis; molecular docking; ADMET prediction; 11β-HSD1 inhibitors

Abstract

Structural analysis and docking studies of three adamantane-linked 1,2,4-triazole N-Mannich bases (1–3) are presented. Compounds 1, 2 and 3 crystallized in the monoclinic P21/c, P21 and P21/n space groups, respectively. Crystal packing of 1 was stabilized by intermolecular C-H⋯O interactions, whereas compounds 2 and 3 were stabilized through intermolecular C-H⋯N, C-H⋯S and C-H⋯π interactions. The energy frameworks for crystal structures of 1–3 were described. The substituent effect on the intermolecular interactions and their contributions were described on the basis of Hirshfeld surface analyses. The 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (11β-HSD1) inhibition potential, pharmacokinetic and toxicity profiles of compounds 1–3 were determined using in silico techniques. Molecular docking of the compounds into the 11β-HSD1 active site showed comparable binding affinity scores (−7.50 to −8.92 kcal/mol) to the 11β-HSD1 co-crystallized ligand 4YQ (−8.48 kcal/mol, 11β-HSD1 IC50 = 9.9 nM). The compounds interacted with key active site residues, namely Ser170 and Tyr183, via strong hydrogen bond interactions. The predicted pharmacokinetic and toxicity profiles of the compounds were assessed, and were found to exhibit excellent ADMET potential.
Keywords:
adamantane; 1,2,4-triazole; single crystal X-ray; Hirshfeld surface analysis; molecular docking; ADMET prediction; 11β-HSD1 inhibitors

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > Analytical Chemistry
Physical Sciences > Chemistry (miscellaneous)
Life Sciences > Molecular Medicine
Life Sciences > Pharmaceutical Science
Life Sciences > Drug Discovery
Physical Sciences > Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
Physical Sciences > Organic Chemistry
Uncontrolled Keywords:Chemistry (miscellaneous), Analytical Chemistry, Organic Chemistry, Physical and Theoretical Chemistry, Molecular Medicine, Drug Discovery, Pharmaceutical Science
Language:English
Date:31 October 2022
Deposited On:10 Jan 2023 09:11
Last Modified:27 Feb 2024 02:55
Publisher:MDPI Publishing
ISSN:1420-3049
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules27217403
  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)