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Influence of the Titanium Base Abutment Design on Monolithic Zirconia Multiple-Unit Implant Fixed Dental Prostheses: A Laboratory Study


Calderon, Ulises; Hicklin, Stefan Paul; Mojon, Philippe; Fehmer, Vincent; Nesic, Dobrila; Mekki, Mustapha; Sailer, Irena (2022). Influence of the Titanium Base Abutment Design on Monolithic Zirconia Multiple-Unit Implant Fixed Dental Prostheses: A Laboratory Study. International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants, 37(1):19-29.

Abstract

Purpose: This in vitro study evaluated technical outcomes of monolithic zirconia implant-supported fixed dental prostheses (iFDPs) supported by different designs of titanium base abutments after aging and static load testing.

Materials and methods: Sixty three-unit monolithic zirconia (yttrium oxide partially stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystals; Y-TZP)iFDPs were produced and divided into four groups: group A-conical titanium base abutments for the prosthesis; group B-cylindrical titanium base abutments for the crown; group C-conical titanium base abutment for the prosthesis and cylindrical titanium base abutment for the crown; group D-cylindrical titanium base abutments for the prosthesis. The samples were subjected to an aging protocol and to continuous static loading until failure and analyzed visually and with specific software. The technical outcomes comprised the occurrence of debonding, screw loosening, deformation and fracture, abutment deformation and fracture, implant deformation and fracture, zirconia chipping and fracture, and bending moments. The Pearson chi-squared test (χ2) and Fischer exact test were used to compare the outcomes. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was used to evaluate data distribution of the bending moments. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used for the analysis of parametric data distribution, and the Kruskal-Wallis test was used for nonparametric data distribution.

Results: After aging, a higher percentage of debonding (P = .042) and micromovement (P = .034) was recorded in group C (P = .042). The conical titanium base abutments had a higher debonding (P = .049) and a higher macromovement rate (P = .05). The static load test showed higher bending moments in group D (P = .001) and lower bending moments in group A (P = .001). Debonding was highest in group C (P = .001) and lowest in group A (P = .002). Complete loss of retention rate was highest in group C (P = .001). The conical titanium base abutment had the highest debonding rate (P = .001) and complete loss of retention (P = .001). The micromovement rate was the highest for cylindrical titanium base abutments for the crown (P = .001). The lowest screw loosening, zirconia chipping, and fracture rate (P = .001) and the highest screw deformation (P = .004) were recorded in group A. The screw deformation rate was lowest in the cylindrical titanium base abutments for the crown (P = .008).

Conclusion: The mixed titanium base abutment design comprising one conical and one cylindrical abutment in Y-TZP iFDPs led to the highest debonding rate. The cylindrical titanium base abutment for the prosthesis provided a lower percentage of debonding and the highest load resistance.

Abstract

Purpose: This in vitro study evaluated technical outcomes of monolithic zirconia implant-supported fixed dental prostheses (iFDPs) supported by different designs of titanium base abutments after aging and static load testing.

Materials and methods: Sixty three-unit monolithic zirconia (yttrium oxide partially stabilized tetragonal zirconia polycrystals; Y-TZP)iFDPs were produced and divided into four groups: group A-conical titanium base abutments for the prosthesis; group B-cylindrical titanium base abutments for the crown; group C-conical titanium base abutment for the prosthesis and cylindrical titanium base abutment for the crown; group D-cylindrical titanium base abutments for the prosthesis. The samples were subjected to an aging protocol and to continuous static loading until failure and analyzed visually and with specific software. The technical outcomes comprised the occurrence of debonding, screw loosening, deformation and fracture, abutment deformation and fracture, implant deformation and fracture, zirconia chipping and fracture, and bending moments. The Pearson chi-squared test (χ2) and Fischer exact test were used to compare the outcomes. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was used to evaluate data distribution of the bending moments. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used for the analysis of parametric data distribution, and the Kruskal-Wallis test was used for nonparametric data distribution.

Results: After aging, a higher percentage of debonding (P = .042) and micromovement (P = .034) was recorded in group C (P = .042). The conical titanium base abutments had a higher debonding (P = .049) and a higher macromovement rate (P = .05). The static load test showed higher bending moments in group D (P = .001) and lower bending moments in group A (P = .001). Debonding was highest in group C (P = .001) and lowest in group A (P = .002). Complete loss of retention rate was highest in group C (P = .001). The conical titanium base abutment had the highest debonding rate (P = .001) and complete loss of retention (P = .001). The micromovement rate was the highest for cylindrical titanium base abutments for the crown (P = .001). The lowest screw loosening, zirconia chipping, and fracture rate (P = .001) and the highest screw deformation (P = .004) were recorded in group A. The screw deformation rate was lowest in the cylindrical titanium base abutments for the crown (P = .008).

Conclusion: The mixed titanium base abutment design comprising one conical and one cylindrical abutment in Y-TZP iFDPs led to the highest debonding rate. The cylindrical titanium base abutment for the prosthesis provided a lower percentage of debonding and the highest load resistance.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic of Conservative and Preventive Dentistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Oral Surgery
Uncontrolled Keywords:General Medicine, Oral Surgery
Language:English
Date:1 January 2022
Deposited On:18 Jan 2023 12:02
Last Modified:28 Apr 2024 01:45
Publisher:Quintessence Publishing
ISSN:0882-2786
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.11607/jomi.8923
PubMed ID:35235616
  • Content: Accepted Version
  • Language: English