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From record keeping to a new knowledge regime: the special school pupil as a new pedagogical object in Prussia around 1900


Moser, Vera; Garz, Jona T; Frenz, Stefanie (2024). From record keeping to a new knowledge regime: the special school pupil as a new pedagogical object in Prussia around 1900. Paedagogica Historica, 60(3):494-512.

Abstract

The history of the Hilfsschule (special school) is contested and multifaceted. For the German context, most research to date has focused on institutions or professional pioneers in special education. This paper, through a “New Historicism” perspective, asks how a group of pupils, described as “retarded”, could become a new pedagogical object within a discourse among teachers, psychiatrists, school doctors and local administrations at the end of the nineteenth century. Linking national and local discourses, this paper analyses the emergence of the special school pupil (Hilfsschulkind) in Germany within a broader discourse of educability as well as through knowledge practices, namely record-keeping systems.

Abstract

The history of the Hilfsschule (special school) is contested and multifaceted. For the German context, most research to date has focused on institutions or professional pioneers in special education. This paper, through a “New Historicism” perspective, asks how a group of pupils, described as “retarded”, could become a new pedagogical object within a discourse among teachers, psychiatrists, school doctors and local administrations at the end of the nineteenth century. Linking national and local discourses, this paper analyses the emergence of the special school pupil (Hilfsschulkind) in Germany within a broader discourse of educability as well as through knowledge practices, namely record-keeping systems.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Education
Dewey Decimal Classification:370 Education
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > Education
Social Sciences & Humanities > History
Uncontrolled Keywords:Special education, Prussia, record-keeping, New Historicism, school hygiene
Language:English
Date:3 May 2024
Deposited On:19 Jan 2023 16:20
Last Modified:28 Jun 2024 01:39
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:0030-9230
OA Status:Hybrid
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/00309230.2022.2119089
  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)