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Ultrasound screening for chromosomal anomalies in the first trimester of pregnancy


Savoldelli, Guido; Binkert, Franz; Achermann, Josef; Schmid, Werner (1993). Ultrasound screening for chromosomal anomalies in the first trimester of pregnancy. Prenatal Diagnosis, 13(6):513-518.

Abstract

For the last 6 years, sonographic signs for excessive fluid accumulation in the backs of 10- to 12-week-old fetuses have been looked for prior to transabdominal chorionic biopsy. In 1400 pregnancies, subsequent karyotype analyses revealed 28 cases of Down syndrome. In 15 (= 54 per cent), a large fluid cushion over most of the back had been documented at the time of biopsy. Only a few chromosomally normal fetuses with the same peculiarity were observed. The cushion was also present in fetuses with trisomies 18 and 13, and in Turner syndrome. Systematic first-trimester screening for nuchal fluid accumulation seems to be a recommended method for the detection of Down syndrome and other chromosome anomalies in young pregnant women at low risk. It compares favourably with current methods of maternal serum screening performed at 16-18 weeks which require a higher number of invasive procedures.

Abstract

For the last 6 years, sonographic signs for excessive fluid accumulation in the backs of 10- to 12-week-old fetuses have been looked for prior to transabdominal chorionic biopsy. In 1400 pregnancies, subsequent karyotype analyses revealed 28 cases of Down syndrome. In 15 (= 54 per cent), a large fluid cushion over most of the back had been documented at the time of biopsy. Only a few chromosomally normal fetuses with the same peculiarity were observed. The cushion was also present in fetuses with trisomies 18 and 13, and in Turner syndrome. Systematic first-trimester screening for nuchal fluid accumulation seems to be a recommended method for the detection of Down syndrome and other chromosome anomalies in young pregnant women at low risk. It compares favourably with current methods of maternal serum screening performed at 16-18 weeks which require a higher number of invasive procedures.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Genetics
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Obstetrics and Gynecology
Health Sciences > Genetics (clinical)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Genetics (clinical), Obstetrics and Gynecology, chromosomal anomalies, first-trimester screening
Language:English
Date:1 June 1993
Deposited On:26 Jan 2023 06:37
Last Modified:28 Apr 2024 01:46
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0197-3851
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/pd.1970130613
PubMed ID:8372077
Other Identification Number:Corpus ID: 420959
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