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Rapid Single-Shot Synthesis of the 217 Amino Acid-Long N-Terminal Domain of Pyocin S2


Saebi, Azin; Brown, Joseph S; Marando, Victoria M; Hartrampf, Nina; Chumbler, Nicole M; Hanna, Stephanie; Poskus, Mackenzie; Loas, Andrei; Kiessling, Laura L; Hung, Deborah T; Pentelute, Bradley L (2022). Rapid Single-Shot Synthesis of the 217 Amino Acid-Long N-Terminal Domain of Pyocin S2. bioRxiv 516969, Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory.

Abstract

The impermeable outer membrane of Pseudomonas aeruginosa is bypassed by antibacterial proteins known as S-type pyocins. Because of their properties, pyocins are investigated as a potential new class of antimicrobials against Pseudomonas infections. Their production and modification, however, remains challenging. To address this limitation, we employed automated fast-flow peptide synthesis (AFPS) for the rapid production of a pyocin S2 import domain. The N-terminal domain sequence (PyS2NTD) was synthesized in under 10 hours and purified to yield milligrams quantities of the desired product. To our knowledge, the 217 amino acid sequence of PyS2NTD is among the longest peptides produced from a “single-shot” synthesis, i.e., made in a single stepwise route without the use of ligation techniques. Biophysical characterization of the PyS2NTD with circular dichroism was consistent with the literature reports. Fluorescently labeled PyS2NTD binds to P. aeruginosa expressing the cognate ferripyoverdine receptor (FpvA) and is taken up into the periplasm. This selective uptake was validated with confocal and super resolution microscopy, flow cytometry, and fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP). These modified, synthetic S-type pyocins domains can be used to probe import mechanisms of P. aeruginosa and leveraged to develop selective antimicrobial agents that bypass the outer membrane.

Abstract

The impermeable outer membrane of Pseudomonas aeruginosa is bypassed by antibacterial proteins known as S-type pyocins. Because of their properties, pyocins are investigated as a potential new class of antimicrobials against Pseudomonas infections. Their production and modification, however, remains challenging. To address this limitation, we employed automated fast-flow peptide synthesis (AFPS) for the rapid production of a pyocin S2 import domain. The N-terminal domain sequence (PyS2NTD) was synthesized in under 10 hours and purified to yield milligrams quantities of the desired product. To our knowledge, the 217 amino acid sequence of PyS2NTD is among the longest peptides produced from a “single-shot” synthesis, i.e., made in a single stepwise route without the use of ligation techniques. Biophysical characterization of the PyS2NTD with circular dichroism was consistent with the literature reports. Fluorescently labeled PyS2NTD binds to P. aeruginosa expressing the cognate ferripyoverdine receptor (FpvA) and is taken up into the periplasm. This selective uptake was validated with confocal and super resolution microscopy, flow cytometry, and fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP). These modified, synthetic S-type pyocins domains can be used to probe import mechanisms of P. aeruginosa and leveraged to develop selective antimicrobial agents that bypass the outer membrane.

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Item Type:Working Paper
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Language:English
Date:2022
Deposited On:26 Jan 2023 13:25
Last Modified:22 Sep 2023 13:13
Series Name:bioRxiv
ISSN:2164-7844
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1101/2022.11.17.516969
  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)