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Differential response of constitutive and facultative heterochromatin in the manifestation of mitomycin induced chromosome aberrations in Chinese hamster cells in vitro


Natarajan, A T; Schmid, Werner (1971). Differential response of constitutive and facultative heterochromatin in the manifestation of mitomycin induced chromosome aberrations in Chinese hamster cells in vitro. Chromosoma, 33(1):48-62.

Abstract

The distribution of chromatid aberrations induced by mitomycin C among the individual chromosomes of female and male Chinese hamster cells in vitro was studied. The aberrations were found to be non-randomly distributed. Among the autosomes, the chromosomes possessing constitutive heterochromatin were more often involved in aberrations as well as in homologous exchanges. The inactivated X chromosomes in the female cells offer a situation where the short arm is facultatively heterochromatic and the long arm constitutively heterochromatic, thus enabling an analysis of their response for aberration formation. The short arm was seldom found to be involved in the aberration. The long arm of the inactivated X was more often affected (5 to 10 times) than the long arm of the functional X though both are constitutively heterochromatic. The possible role of (a) structure of heterochromatin, (b) the chromocenter formation and their association, (c) allocycly, and (d) the qualitative differences in the DNA of different types of heterochromatin are discussed in relation to the formation of chromatid aberrations.

Abstract

The distribution of chromatid aberrations induced by mitomycin C among the individual chromosomes of female and male Chinese hamster cells in vitro was studied. The aberrations were found to be non-randomly distributed. Among the autosomes, the chromosomes possessing constitutive heterochromatin were more often involved in aberrations as well as in homologous exchanges. The inactivated X chromosomes in the female cells offer a situation where the short arm is facultatively heterochromatic and the long arm constitutively heterochromatic, thus enabling an analysis of their response for aberration formation. The short arm was seldom found to be involved in the aberration. The long arm of the inactivated X was more often affected (5 to 10 times) than the long arm of the functional X though both are constitutively heterochromatic. The possible role of (a) structure of heterochromatin, (b) the chromocenter formation and their association, (c) allocycly, and (d) the qualitative differences in the DNA of different types of heterochromatin are discussed in relation to the formation of chromatid aberrations.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Genetics
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Genetics
Health Sciences > Genetics (clinical)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Genetics (clinical), Genetics, Developmental Biology, Mitomycin, Qualitative Difference, Differential Response, Chromosome Aberration
Language:English
Date:1 January 1971
Deposited On:27 Jan 2023 13:32
Last Modified:28 Apr 2024 01:47
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0009-5915
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00326383
PubMed ID:5574765
Other Identification Number:Corpus ID: 23306595