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Trisomy for the distal third of the long arm of chromosome 19 in brother and sister


Schmid, Werner (1979). Trisomy for the distal third of the long arm of chromosome 19 in brother and sister. Human Genetics, 46(3):263-270.

Abstract

Trisomy for the distal third of the long arm of chromosome 19 was observed in a 12-year-old boy and his 9-year-old sister. Both are affected by extremely severe statural and psychomotor retardation. The physical symptoms common to both are dwarfism, micro- and brachycephaly, antimongoloid slant of the eyes, hypertelorism, ptosis, short nose, short philtrum, poorly formed ears, short neck with excess skin, barrel-shaped thorax, diastasis of rectus muscles, kyphosis, sacral dimple, excess of digital arches, pedes valgi, laterally curved big toes, epilepsy and muscular hypotonia. The chromosomal anomaly was transmitted by the mother, who is the carrier of a translocation t(19;20)(19q133;20pter). In the pedigree, extending over four generations, among 30 pregnancies fathered or mothered by 5 carriers resulted in: 6 individuals with normal karyotype, 9 carriers, 2 confirmed and 2 presumptive unbalanced abnormal children, and 10 abortions.

Abstract

Trisomy for the distal third of the long arm of chromosome 19 was observed in a 12-year-old boy and his 9-year-old sister. Both are affected by extremely severe statural and psychomotor retardation. The physical symptoms common to both are dwarfism, micro- and brachycephaly, antimongoloid slant of the eyes, hypertelorism, ptosis, short nose, short philtrum, poorly formed ears, short neck with excess skin, barrel-shaped thorax, diastasis of rectus muscles, kyphosis, sacral dimple, excess of digital arches, pedes valgi, laterally curved big toes, epilepsy and muscular hypotonia. The chromosomal anomaly was transmitted by the mother, who is the carrier of a translocation t(19;20)(19q133;20pter). In the pedigree, extending over four generations, among 30 pregnancies fathered or mothered by 5 carriers resulted in: 6 individuals with normal karyotype, 9 carriers, 2 confirmed and 2 presumptive unbalanced abnormal children, and 10 abortions.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Genetics
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Genetics
Health Sciences > Genetics (clinical)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Genetics (clinical), Genetics, Internal Medicine, Metabolic Disease, Chromosomal Anomaly, Physical Symptom, Severe Statural
Language:English
Date:1 January 1979
Deposited On:27 Jan 2023 12:28
Last Modified:28 Apr 2024 01:47
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0340-6717
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00273309
PubMed ID:437769
Other Identification Number:Corpus ID: 32046263