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Adam10-dependent Notch signaling establishes dental epithelial cell boundaries required for enamel formation


Mitsiadis, Thimios A; Jimenez-Rojo, Lucia; Balic, Anamaria; Weber, Silvio; Saftig, Paul; Pagella, Pierfrancesco (2022). Adam10-dependent Notch signaling establishes dental epithelial cell boundaries required for enamel formation. iScience, 25(10):105154.

Abstract

The disintegrin and metalloproteinase Adam10 is a membrane-bound sheddase that regulates Notch signaling and ensures epidermal integrity. To address the function of Adam10 in the continuously growing incisors, we used Keratin14 Cre/+;Adam10 fl/fl transgenic mice, in which Adam10 is conditionally deleted in the dental epithelium. Keratin14 Cre/+;Adam10 fl/fl mice exhibited severe abnormalities, including defective enamel formation reminiscent of human enamel pathologies. Histological analyses of mutant incisors revealed absence of stratum intermedium, and severe disorganization of enamel-secreting ameloblasts. In situ hybridization and immunostaining analyses in the Keratin14 Cre/+;Adam10 fl/fl incisors showed strong Notch1 downregulation in dental epithelium and ectopic distribution of enamel-specific molecules, including ameloblastin and amelogenin. Lineage tracing studies using Notch1 CreERT2 ;R26 mT/mG mice demonstrated that loss of the stratum intermedium cells was due to their fate switch toward the ameloblast lineage. Overall, our data reveal that in the continuously growing incisors the Adam10/Notch axis controls dental epithelial cell boundaries, cell fate switch and proper enamel formation.

Keywords: Cell biology; Developmental biology; Model organism

Abstract

The disintegrin and metalloproteinase Adam10 is a membrane-bound sheddase that regulates Notch signaling and ensures epidermal integrity. To address the function of Adam10 in the continuously growing incisors, we used Keratin14 Cre/+;Adam10 fl/fl transgenic mice, in which Adam10 is conditionally deleted in the dental epithelium. Keratin14 Cre/+;Adam10 fl/fl mice exhibited severe abnormalities, including defective enamel formation reminiscent of human enamel pathologies. Histological analyses of mutant incisors revealed absence of stratum intermedium, and severe disorganization of enamel-secreting ameloblasts. In situ hybridization and immunostaining analyses in the Keratin14 Cre/+;Adam10 fl/fl incisors showed strong Notch1 downregulation in dental epithelium and ectopic distribution of enamel-specific molecules, including ameloblastin and amelogenin. Lineage tracing studies using Notch1 CreERT2 ;R26 mT/mG mice demonstrated that loss of the stratum intermedium cells was due to their fate switch toward the ameloblast lineage. Overall, our data reveal that in the continuously growing incisors the Adam10/Notch axis controls dental epithelial cell boundaries, cell fate switch and proper enamel formation.

Keywords: Cell biology; Developmental biology; Model organism

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Institute of Oral Biology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Multidisciplinary
Uncontrolled Keywords:Multidisciplinary
Language:English
Date:1 October 2022
Deposited On:08 Feb 2023 13:03
Last Modified:28 Apr 2024 01:49
Publisher:Cell Press (Elsevier)
ISSN:2589-0042
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.isci.2022.105154
PubMed ID:36193048
Project Information:
  • : FunderUniversität Zürich
  • : Grant ID
  • : Project Title
  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)