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Retrospective evaluation of a robust hybrid planning technique established for irradiation of breast cancer patients with included mammary internal lymph nodes


Hennet, Marina; Radonic, Stephan; Schneider, Uwe; Hartmann, Matthias (2022). Retrospective evaluation of a robust hybrid planning technique established for irradiation of breast cancer patients with included mammary internal lymph nodes. Radiation Oncology, 17(1):76.

Abstract

Background: The irradiation of breast cancer patients with included internal mammary lymph nodes challenges radiation planning with regard to robustness and protection of OARs. In this publication, a feasible hybrid radiation technique is presented with a retrospective dosimetric and radiobiological analysis of patient data of our institute from 2016 to 2020 and robustness analysis.
Methods: The proposed hybrid irradiation technique consists of two IMRT tangents and two partial VMAT fields. The retrospective dosimetric and radiobiological evaluation are made for 217 patient treatments (right- and left-sided). The robustness is evaluated regarding an artificial swelling from 0.4 to 1.5 cm for a random example patient and compared to a pure VMAT planning technique with use of a virtual bolus. The out of field stray dose is calculated for a selected patient plan and compared to alternative radiation techniques.
Results: The coverage D$_{95%}$ of the PTV$_{Eval}$ (with breast swelling of 1.5 cm) changes for the hybrid plan from 96.1 to 92.1% of prescribed dose and for the pure VMAT plan from 94.3 to 87%. The retrospective dosimetric evaluation of patient irradiations reveals a D$_{mean}$ for total lung 6.5 ± 0.9 Gy (NTCP[Semenenko 2008] 2.8 ± 0.5%), ipsilateral lung 10.9 ± 1.5 Gy, contralateral lung 2.2 ± 0.6 Gy, heart 2.1 ± 1.1 Gy (ERR[Schneider 2017] 0.02 ± 0.17%) and contralateral breast 1.7 ± 0.6 Gy. The scatter dose of the hybrid irradiation technique is higher than for pure VMAT and lower than for pure IMRT irradiation.
Conclusions: The feasibility of the proposed planning technique is shown by treating many patients with this technique at our radiotherapy department. The hybrid radiation technique shows a good sparing of the OARs in the retrospective analysis and is robust with regards to a breast swelling of up to 1.5 cm. The slightly higher stray dose of the hybrid technique compared to a pure VMAT technique originates from higher number of MUs and lower conformity.

Abstract

Background: The irradiation of breast cancer patients with included internal mammary lymph nodes challenges radiation planning with regard to robustness and protection of OARs. In this publication, a feasible hybrid radiation technique is presented with a retrospective dosimetric and radiobiological analysis of patient data of our institute from 2016 to 2020 and robustness analysis.
Methods: The proposed hybrid irradiation technique consists of two IMRT tangents and two partial VMAT fields. The retrospective dosimetric and radiobiological evaluation are made for 217 patient treatments (right- and left-sided). The robustness is evaluated regarding an artificial swelling from 0.4 to 1.5 cm for a random example patient and compared to a pure VMAT planning technique with use of a virtual bolus. The out of field stray dose is calculated for a selected patient plan and compared to alternative radiation techniques.
Results: The coverage D$_{95%}$ of the PTV$_{Eval}$ (with breast swelling of 1.5 cm) changes for the hybrid plan from 96.1 to 92.1% of prescribed dose and for the pure VMAT plan from 94.3 to 87%. The retrospective dosimetric evaluation of patient irradiations reveals a D$_{mean}$ for total lung 6.5 ± 0.9 Gy (NTCP[Semenenko 2008] 2.8 ± 0.5%), ipsilateral lung 10.9 ± 1.5 Gy, contralateral lung 2.2 ± 0.6 Gy, heart 2.1 ± 1.1 Gy (ERR[Schneider 2017] 0.02 ± 0.17%) and contralateral breast 1.7 ± 0.6 Gy. The scatter dose of the hybrid irradiation technique is higher than for pure VMAT and lower than for pure IMRT irradiation.
Conclusions: The feasibility of the proposed planning technique is shown by treating many patients with this technique at our radiotherapy department. The hybrid radiation technique shows a good sparing of the OARs in the retrospective analysis and is robust with regards to a breast swelling of up to 1.5 cm. The slightly higher stray dose of the hybrid technique compared to a pure VMAT technique originates from higher number of MUs and lower conformity.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Oncology
Health Sciences > Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Imaging
Uncontrolled Keywords:Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and imaging, Oncology
Language:English
Date:1 December 2022
Deposited On:17 Feb 2023 12:40
Last Modified:28 Jun 2024 01:42
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:1748-717X
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1186/s13014-022-02039-w
PubMed ID:35428265
  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)