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Fate of charge order in overdoped La-based cuprates


Abstract

In high-temperature cuprate superconductors, stripe order refers broadly to a coupled spin and charge modulation with a commensuration of eight and four lattice units, respectively. How this stripe order evolves across optimal doping remains a controversial question. Here we present a systematic resonant inelastic x-ray scattering study of weak charge correlations in La$_{2−x}$Sr$_{x}$CuO$_{4}$ and La$_{1.8−x}$Eu$_{0.2}$Sr$_{x}$CuO$_{4}$. Ultra high energy resolution experiments demonstrate the importance of the separation of inelastic and elastic scattering processes. Long-range temperature-dependent stripe order is only found below optimal doping. At higher doping, short-range temperature-independent correlations are present up to the highest doping measured. This transformation is distinct from and preempts the pseudogap critical doping. We argue that the doping and temperature-independent short-range correlations originate from unresolved electron–phonon coupling that broadly peaks at the stripe ordering vector. In La$_{2−x}$Sr$_{x}$CuO$_{4}$, long-range static stripe order vanishes around optimal doping and we discuss both quantum critical and crossover scenarios.

Abstract

In high-temperature cuprate superconductors, stripe order refers broadly to a coupled spin and charge modulation with a commensuration of eight and four lattice units, respectively. How this stripe order evolves across optimal doping remains a controversial question. Here we present a systematic resonant inelastic x-ray scattering study of weak charge correlations in La$_{2−x}$Sr$_{x}$CuO$_{4}$ and La$_{1.8−x}$Eu$_{0.2}$Sr$_{x}$CuO$_{4}$. Ultra high energy resolution experiments demonstrate the importance of the separation of inelastic and elastic scattering processes. Long-range temperature-dependent stripe order is only found below optimal doping. At higher doping, short-range temperature-independent correlations are present up to the highest doping measured. This transformation is distinct from and preempts the pseudogap critical doping. We argue that the doping and temperature-independent short-range correlations originate from unresolved electron–phonon coupling that broadly peaks at the stripe ordering vector. In La$_{2−x}$Sr$_{x}$CuO$_{4}$, long-range static stripe order vanishes around optimal doping and we discuss both quantum critical and crossover scenarios.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Physical Sciences > Condensed Matter Physics
Uncontrolled Keywords:Condensed Matter Physics, Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Language:English
Date:19 January 2023
Deposited On:18 Feb 2023 16:44
Last Modified:28 Jun 2024 01:42
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:2397-4648
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41535-023-00539-w
  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)