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Formalization of artisanal and small-scale mining in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo: An opportunity for women in the new tin, tantalum, tungsten and gold (3TG) supply chain?


Kamundala Byemba, Gabriel (2020). Formalization of artisanal and small-scale mining in eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo: An opportunity for women in the new tin, tantalum, tungsten and gold (3TG) supply chain? Extractive Industries and Society, 7(2):420-427.

Abstract

This paper analyzes the opportunities, constraints and challenges for women in Tantalum, Tungsten, Tin and
Gold (3TG) supply chains in the artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) sector of eastern Democratic Republic of
the Congo (DRC). Drawing on empirical qualitative data collected during five months of field research between
2015 and 2018, the paper analyzes the governance structures of, and power relations within, 3TG ASM supply
chains in the eastern DRC, with special emphasis on women's roles. The analysis offers clues as to why, in eastern
DRC, women's positions in 3TG ASM supply chains changed after formalization.

Abstract

This paper analyzes the opportunities, constraints and challenges for women in Tantalum, Tungsten, Tin and
Gold (3TG) supply chains in the artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) sector of eastern Democratic Republic of
the Congo (DRC). Drawing on empirical qualitative data collected during five months of field research between
2015 and 2018, the paper analyzes the governance structures of, and power relations within, 3TG ASM supply
chains in the eastern DRC, with special emphasis on women's roles. The analysis offers clues as to why, in eastern
DRC, women's positions in 3TG ASM supply chains changed after formalization.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
Dewey Decimal Classification:910 Geography & travel
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > Geography, Planning and Development
Social Sciences & Humanities > Development
Physical Sciences > Economic Geology
Physical Sciences > Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Uncontrolled Keywords:Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law, Economic Geology, Development, Geography, Planning and Development
Language:English
Date:1 April 2020
Deposited On:01 Mar 2023 14:22
Last Modified:29 Apr 2024 01:36
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:2214-790X
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.exis.2020.03.001