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Spinal cord motion assessed by phase-contrast MRI - An inter-center pooled data analysis


Wolf, Katharina; Pfender, Nikolai; Hupp, Markus; Reisert, Marco; Krafft, Axel; Sutter, Reto; Hohenhaus, Marc; Urbach, Horst; Farshad, Mazda; Curt, Armin (2023). Spinal cord motion assessed by phase-contrast MRI - An inter-center pooled data analysis. NeuroImage: Clinical, 37:103334.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Phase-contrast MRI of CSF and spinal cord dynamics has evolved among diseases caused by altered CSF volume (spontaneous intracranial hypotension, normal pressure hydrocephalus) and by altered CSF space (degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM), Chiari malformation). While CSF seems to be an obvious target for possible diagnostic use, craniocaudal spinal cord motion analysis offers the benefit of fast and reliable assessments. It is driven by volume shifts between the intracranial and the intraspinal compartments (Monro-Kellie hypothesis). Despite promising initial reports, comparison of spinal cord motion data across different centers is challenged by reports of varying value, raising questions about the validity of the findings.

OBJECTIVE: To systematically investigate inter-center differences between phase-contrast MRI data.

METHODS: Age- and gender matched, retrospective, pooled-data analysis across two centers: cardiac-gated, sagittal phase-contrast MRI of the cervical spinal cord (segments C2/C3 to C7/T1) including healthy participants and DCM patients; comparison and analysis of different MRI sequences and processing techniques (manual versus fully automated).

RESULTS: A genuine craniocaudal spinal cord motion pattern and an increased focal spinal cord motion among DCM patients were depicted by both MRI sequences (p < 0.01). Higher time-resolution resolved steeper and larger peaks, causing inter-center differences (p < 0.01). Comparison of different processing methods showed a high level of rating reliability (ICC > 0.86 at segments C2/C3 to C6/C7).

DISCUSSION: Craniocaudal spinal cord motion is a genuine finding. Differences between values were attributed to time-resolution of the MRI sequences. Automated processing confers the benefit of unbiased and consistent analysis, while data did not reveal any superiority.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Phase-contrast MRI of CSF and spinal cord dynamics has evolved among diseases caused by altered CSF volume (spontaneous intracranial hypotension, normal pressure hydrocephalus) and by altered CSF space (degenerative cervical myelopathy (DCM), Chiari malformation). While CSF seems to be an obvious target for possible diagnostic use, craniocaudal spinal cord motion analysis offers the benefit of fast and reliable assessments. It is driven by volume shifts between the intracranial and the intraspinal compartments (Monro-Kellie hypothesis). Despite promising initial reports, comparison of spinal cord motion data across different centers is challenged by reports of varying value, raising questions about the validity of the findings.

OBJECTIVE: To systematically investigate inter-center differences between phase-contrast MRI data.

METHODS: Age- and gender matched, retrospective, pooled-data analysis across two centers: cardiac-gated, sagittal phase-contrast MRI of the cervical spinal cord (segments C2/C3 to C7/T1) including healthy participants and DCM patients; comparison and analysis of different MRI sequences and processing techniques (manual versus fully automated).

RESULTS: A genuine craniocaudal spinal cord motion pattern and an increased focal spinal cord motion among DCM patients were depicted by both MRI sequences (p < 0.01). Higher time-resolution resolved steeper and larger peaks, causing inter-center differences (p < 0.01). Comparison of different processing methods showed a high level of rating reliability (ICC > 0.86 at segments C2/C3 to C6/C7).

DISCUSSION: Craniocaudal spinal cord motion is a genuine finding. Differences between values were attributed to time-resolution of the MRI sequences. Automated processing confers the benefit of unbiased and consistent analysis, while data did not reveal any superiority.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Balgrist University Hospital, Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Center
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Imaging
Life Sciences > Neurology
Health Sciences > Neurology (clinical)
Life Sciences > Cognitive Neuroscience
Language:English
Date:23 January 2023
Deposited On:06 Mar 2023 13:02
Last Modified:29 Apr 2024 01:36
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:2213-1582
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.nicl.2023.103334
PubMed ID:36724733
  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)