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Non-Rabl chromosome organization in endoreduplicated nuclei of barley embryo and endosperm tissues


Nowicka, Anna; Ferková, Luboslava; Said, Mahmoud; Kovacik, Martin; Zwyrtková, Jana; Baroux, Célia; Pecinka, Ales (2023). Non-Rabl chromosome organization in endoreduplicated nuclei of barley embryo and endosperm tissues. Journal of Experimental Botany, 74(8):2527-2541.

Abstract

Rabl organization is a type of interphase chromosome arrangement with centromeres and telomeres clustering at opposite nuclear poles. Here, we analyzed nuclear morphology and chromosome organization in cycling and endoreduplicated nuclei isolated from embryo and endosperm tissues of developing barley seeds. We show that endoreduplicated nuclei have an irregular shape, less sister chromatid cohesion at 5S rDNA loci, and a reduced amount of centromeric histone CENH3. While the chromosomes of the embryo and endosperm nuclei are initially organized in Rabl configuration, the centromeres and telomeres are intermingled within the nuclear space in the endoreduplicated nuclei with an increasing endoreduplication level. Such a loss of chromosome organization suggests that Rabl configuration is introduced and further reinforced by mitotic divisions in barley cell nuclei in a tissue and seed age-dependent manner.

Abstract

Rabl organization is a type of interphase chromosome arrangement with centromeres and telomeres clustering at opposite nuclear poles. Here, we analyzed nuclear morphology and chromosome organization in cycling and endoreduplicated nuclei isolated from embryo and endosperm tissues of developing barley seeds. We show that endoreduplicated nuclei have an irregular shape, less sister chromatid cohesion at 5S rDNA loci, and a reduced amount of centromeric histone CENH3. While the chromosomes of the embryo and endosperm nuclei are initially organized in Rabl configuration, the centromeres and telomeres are intermingled within the nuclear space in the endoreduplicated nuclei with an increasing endoreduplication level. Such a loss of chromosome organization suggests that Rabl configuration is introduced and further reinforced by mitotic divisions in barley cell nuclei in a tissue and seed age-dependent manner.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Plant and Microbial Biology
07 Faculty of Science > Zurich-Basel Plant Science Center
Dewey Decimal Classification:580 Plants (Botany)
Language:English
Date:18 April 2023
Deposited On:12 Apr 2023 09:20
Last Modified:31 Jan 2024 02:38
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0022-0957
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erad036
PubMed ID:36705553