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Uniparental disomy explains the occurrence of the Angelman or Prader-Willi syndrome in patients with an additional small inv dup(15) chromosome


Robinson, W P; Wagstaff, J; Bernasconi, F; Baccichetti, Carlo; Artifoni, L; Franzoni, E; Suslak-Brown, L; Shih, L Y; Aviv, H; Schinzel, Albert (1993). Uniparental disomy explains the occurrence of the Angelman or Prader-Willi syndrome in patients with an additional small inv dup(15) chromosome. Journal of Medical Genetics, 30(9):756-760.

Abstract

A patient with Angelman syndrome and a 46,XY/47,XY,+inv dup(15)(pter-->q11: q11-->pter) karyotype and a patient with Prader-Willi syndrome and a 46,XY/47,XY,+inv dup(15)(pter-->q12: q12-->pter) karyotype were investigated with molecular markers along chromosome 15. Paternal uniparental isodisomy was found for all informative markers in the first case which indicates that this, rather than the presence of the extra chromosome, is the cause of the Angelman syndrome phenotype. Similarly, the PWS patient showed maternal uniparental distomy with absence of PWS region material on the inv dup(15) chromosome. If (1) marker chromosomes are an occasional by product of 'rescuing' a trisomic fertilisation, or (2) if duplication of the normal homologue in a zygote which has inherited a marker in place of the normal corresponding chromosome 'rescues' an aneuploid fertilisation, or (3) if the presence or formation of a marker chromosome increases the probability of non-disjunction, then uniparental disomy might be found occasionally in other subjects with de novo marker chromosomes.

Abstract

A patient with Angelman syndrome and a 46,XY/47,XY,+inv dup(15)(pter-->q11: q11-->pter) karyotype and a patient with Prader-Willi syndrome and a 46,XY/47,XY,+inv dup(15)(pter-->q12: q12-->pter) karyotype were investigated with molecular markers along chromosome 15. Paternal uniparental isodisomy was found for all informative markers in the first case which indicates that this, rather than the presence of the extra chromosome, is the cause of the Angelman syndrome phenotype. Similarly, the PWS patient showed maternal uniparental distomy with absence of PWS region material on the inv dup(15) chromosome. If (1) marker chromosomes are an occasional by product of 'rescuing' a trisomic fertilisation, or (2) if duplication of the normal homologue in a zygote which has inherited a marker in place of the normal corresponding chromosome 'rescues' an aneuploid fertilisation, or (3) if the presence or formation of a marker chromosome increases the probability of non-disjunction, then uniparental disomy might be found occasionally in other subjects with de novo marker chromosomes.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Genetics
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Genetics
Health Sciences > Genetics (clinical)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Genetics (clinical), Genetics
Language:English
Date:1 September 1993
Deposited On:18 Apr 2023 10:54
Last Modified:29 Apr 2024 01:37
Publisher:BMJ Publishing Group
ISSN:0022-2593
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1136/jmg.30.9.756
PubMed ID:8411071
Other Identification Number:PMCID: PMC1016533