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Phenotype of the Williams-Beuren syndrome associated with hemizygosity at the elastin locus


Kotzot, Dieter; Bernasconi, Fabiana; Brecevic, Lukrecija; Robinson, Wendy P; Kiss, P; Kosztolányi, György; Lurie, Iosif W; Superti-Furga, Andrea; Schinzel, Albert (1995). Phenotype of the Williams-Beuren syndrome associated with hemizygosity at the elastin locus. European Journal of Pediatrics, 154(6):477-482.

Abstract

To correlate presence or absence of a 7q11 microdeletion with the clinical picture of the Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS), we investigated 29 patients with a clinical diagnosis of WBS or WBS-like features, aged 1–30 years, using molecular analysis and/or fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH). Deletions at 7q11 were found in 75% of the patients (22 out of 29). Nine deletions occurred on a paternal, and ten on a maternal chromosome; three deletions were demonstrated by FISH only, and parental origin could thus not be determined. All deletion patients aged between 2 years and puberty displayed a distinct pattern of facial features (including periorbital fullness, short nose with flat bridge, wide mouth, and full lips and cheeks), the characteristic outgoing social behaviour, as well as moderate growth and mental retardation. Twothirds (15 out of 22) had a cardiovascular malformation, but only one third (7 of 22) had supravalvular aortic stenosis (SVAS). A stellate iris pattern was also present in one-third of the patients only. In the four adult patients with 7q11 deletions, there was prominence of the lower lip whereas fullness of cheeks and periorbital tissue was not seen.

Conclusion
This study confirms that WBS has a unique clinical picture which can be diagnosed clinically, but also shows that the relative frequency of individual features may have been overemphasized in the past, and that a minority of patients may exist who are clinically indistinguishable from WBS but who appear to have no deletion at 7q11.

Abstract

To correlate presence or absence of a 7q11 microdeletion with the clinical picture of the Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS), we investigated 29 patients with a clinical diagnosis of WBS or WBS-like features, aged 1–30 years, using molecular analysis and/or fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH). Deletions at 7q11 were found in 75% of the patients (22 out of 29). Nine deletions occurred on a paternal, and ten on a maternal chromosome; three deletions were demonstrated by FISH only, and parental origin could thus not be determined. All deletion patients aged between 2 years and puberty displayed a distinct pattern of facial features (including periorbital fullness, short nose with flat bridge, wide mouth, and full lips and cheeks), the characteristic outgoing social behaviour, as well as moderate growth and mental retardation. Twothirds (15 out of 22) had a cardiovascular malformation, but only one third (7 of 22) had supravalvular aortic stenosis (SVAS). A stellate iris pattern was also present in one-third of the patients only. In the four adult patients with 7q11 deletions, there was prominence of the lower lip whereas fullness of cheeks and periorbital tissue was not seen.

Conclusion
This study confirms that WBS has a unique clinical picture which can be diagnosed clinically, but also shows that the relative frequency of individual features may have been overemphasized in the past, and that a minority of patients may exist who are clinically indistinguishable from WBS but who appear to have no deletion at 7q11.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Genetics
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Pediatrics, Perinatology and Child Health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Pediatrics, Perinatology and Child Health, Williams-Beuren syndrome, Elastin, Genetics
Language:English
Date:1 June 1995
Deposited On:18 Apr 2023 14:54
Last Modified:29 Apr 2024 01:37
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0340-6199
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02029360
PubMed ID:7545578