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Unbalanced translocation, t(18;21), detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in a child with 18q- syndrome and a ring chromosome 21


McGinniss, Matthew J; Rosenberg, Carla; Stetten, Gail; Schinzel, Albert; Binkert, Franz; Petersen, Michael B; Kearns, William G; Kazazian, Haig H; Pearson, Peter L; Antonarakis, Stylianos E (1993). Unbalanced translocation, t(18;21), detected by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in a child with 18q- syndrome and a ring chromosome 21. American Journal of Medical Genetics, 46(6):647-651.

Abstract

We report on an 8-year-old girl with minor anomalies consistent with 18q- syndrome and mild developmental delay. Initially cytogenetics showed a terminal deletion of chromosome 21 with mosaicism for a small ring chromosome 21 as the only apparent karyotypic abnormality: mos 45,XX,-21/46,XX,+r(21) (48%/52%). Further studies including FISH and DNA analysis demonstrated a de novo unbalanced translocation of chromosomes 18 and 21 with the likely breakpoints in 18q23 and 21q21.1. Most of 21q was translocated to the distal long arm of one chromosome 18, and this derivative 18 appeared to lack 18q23-qter. The small ring chromosome 21 [r(21)], present in only 52% of the patient's blood lymphocytes, did not appear to be associated with the abnormal phenotype since all 13 chromosome 21 markers that were examined in genomic DNA were present in 2 copies, and the phenotype of the patient was consistent with the 18q- syndrome. The karyotype was reinterpreted as mos 45,XX,-18,-21,+der(18) t(18;21) (q23;q21.1)/46,XX,-18,-21,+der(18) t(18;21) (q23;q21.1), +r(21) (p13q21.1) (48%/52%). These results demonstrate the power of FISH in conjunction with DNA analysis for examination of chromosome rearrangements that may be misclassified by traditional cytogenetic studies alone.

Abstract

We report on an 8-year-old girl with minor anomalies consistent with 18q- syndrome and mild developmental delay. Initially cytogenetics showed a terminal deletion of chromosome 21 with mosaicism for a small ring chromosome 21 as the only apparent karyotypic abnormality: mos 45,XX,-21/46,XX,+r(21) (48%/52%). Further studies including FISH and DNA analysis demonstrated a de novo unbalanced translocation of chromosomes 18 and 21 with the likely breakpoints in 18q23 and 21q21.1. Most of 21q was translocated to the distal long arm of one chromosome 18, and this derivative 18 appeared to lack 18q23-qter. The small ring chromosome 21 [r(21)], present in only 52% of the patient's blood lymphocytes, did not appear to be associated with the abnormal phenotype since all 13 chromosome 21 markers that were examined in genomic DNA were present in 2 copies, and the phenotype of the patient was consistent with the 18q- syndrome. The karyotype was reinterpreted as mos 45,XX,-18,-21,+der(18) t(18;21) (q23;q21.1)/46,XX,-18,-21,+der(18) t(18;21) (q23;q21.1), +r(21) (p13q21.1) (48%/52%). These results demonstrate the power of FISH in conjunction with DNA analysis for examination of chromosome rearrangements that may be misclassified by traditional cytogenetic studies alone.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Genetics
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Genetics (clinical)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Genetics, Genetics (medical), mild developmental delay, cytogenetics, karyotypic abnormality
Language:English
Date:1 July 1993
Deposited On:24 Apr 2023 09:05
Last Modified:29 Apr 2024 01:37
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0148-7299
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/ajmg.1320460609
PubMed ID:8362906