Objective: To summarize the research on concep ts, assessments, causes and consequences,main research findings and future research directions in Gelotophobia. Itsmain purpose is to stimulate Chinese scholars’ research interest in th is area. Methods: On the basis of literature review , this study conducted an analysis and induction of research findings. Results: Gelotophobia is of relevance among non-clinical groups and should be best conceptualized as a one-dimensional individual differences phenomenon. Conclusion: Gelotophobia is a new concept and is of greatapplication prospects in China.