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Mental health-related quality of life in mothers of children with surgically repaired congenital heart disease: a 13-year longitudinal study


Ehrler, Melanie; Wettach, Corina; Beck, Ingrid; Valsangiacomo Buechel, Emanuela R; Latal, Beatrice; Landolt, Markus A (2023). Mental health-related quality of life in mothers of children with surgically repaired congenital heart disease: a 13-year longitudinal study. Quality of Life Research, 32(10):2975-2986.

Abstract

Aims: Having a child with congenital heart disease (CHD) can affect parental health-related quality of life (HR-QoL). We investigated the long-term trajectories of mental HRQoL (m-HRQoL) in mothers of children with CHD and examined risk factors for persistent low m-HRQoL.

Methods: One hundred twenty-five mothers of children with CHD completed a standardized questionnaire on m-HRQoL (mental subscale SF-12) after the children’s first open-heart surgery and subsequently when the children were 1, 4, 6, 10, and 13 years old. A z-score for m-HRQoL was calculated with national norms. Latent class growth analysis (LCGA) was used to identify subgroups of mothers with regards to their m-HRQoL trajectories over time. Regression analysis investigated predictors for chronically low m-HRQoL.

Results: Compared to norms, mothers of children with CHD had significantly lower m-HRQoL immediately after open-heart surgery (β = −0.30 (CI-95: −0.44, −0.15)). Subsequently, m-HRQoL increased to a normal level (m-HRQoL compared to the norm from 1 to 13 years: β ranges between 0.05 and 0.27). LCGA revealed two distinct groups of m-HRQoL trajectories: A group with normal m-HRQoL (75% of mothers, means z-scores range between − 0.76 and 0.62) and a group with chronically low m-HRQoL (25% of mothers, mean z-scores range between −1.32 and −0.10). Chronically, low m-HRQoL was associated with poorer social support (OR = 3.39 (CI-95: 1.40, 8.49), p = 0.008) but not with parental education, migration background, number of open-heart surgeries, diagnosis of a univentricular CHD, or low IQ.

Conclusion: A quarter of mothers of children with CHD have chronically low m-HRQoL throughout their child’s development, especially those mothers with poor social support. Further studies of family-oriented approaches are needed to identify and support these mothers and reinforce parental well-being.

Abstract

Aims: Having a child with congenital heart disease (CHD) can affect parental health-related quality of life (HR-QoL). We investigated the long-term trajectories of mental HRQoL (m-HRQoL) in mothers of children with CHD and examined risk factors for persistent low m-HRQoL.

Methods: One hundred twenty-five mothers of children with CHD completed a standardized questionnaire on m-HRQoL (mental subscale SF-12) after the children’s first open-heart surgery and subsequently when the children were 1, 4, 6, 10, and 13 years old. A z-score for m-HRQoL was calculated with national norms. Latent class growth analysis (LCGA) was used to identify subgroups of mothers with regards to their m-HRQoL trajectories over time. Regression analysis investigated predictors for chronically low m-HRQoL.

Results: Compared to norms, mothers of children with CHD had significantly lower m-HRQoL immediately after open-heart surgery (β = −0.30 (CI-95: −0.44, −0.15)). Subsequently, m-HRQoL increased to a normal level (m-HRQoL compared to the norm from 1 to 13 years: β ranges between 0.05 and 0.27). LCGA revealed two distinct groups of m-HRQoL trajectories: A group with normal m-HRQoL (75% of mothers, means z-scores range between − 0.76 and 0.62) and a group with chronically low m-HRQoL (25% of mothers, mean z-scores range between −1.32 and −0.10). Chronically, low m-HRQoL was associated with poorer social support (OR = 3.39 (CI-95: 1.40, 8.49), p = 0.008) but not with parental education, migration background, number of open-heart surgeries, diagnosis of a univentricular CHD, or low IQ.

Conclusion: A quarter of mothers of children with CHD have chronically low m-HRQoL throughout their child’s development, especially those mothers with poor social support. Further studies of family-oriented approaches are needed to identify and support these mothers and reinforce parental well-being.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Medical Clinic
06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
150 Psychology
610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Language:English
Date:October 2023
Deposited On:30 May 2023 08:57
Last Modified:29 Jun 2024 01:36
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0962-9343
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s11136-023-03440-y
PubMed ID:37248407
Project Information:
  • : FunderMäxi-Stiftung
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  • : FunderStiftung Mercator Schweiz
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  • : FunderAnna-Mueller-Grocholski Foundation
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  • : FunderUniversity of Zurich
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  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)