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Same-sex teacher effects


de Gendre, Alexandra; Feld, Jan; Salamanca, Nicolás; Zölitz, Ulf (2024). Same-sex teacher effects. Working paper series / Department of Economics 438, University of Zurich.

Abstract

The idea that students benefit from same-sex teachers has motivated policies around the world aimed at reducing gender inequalities. However, we do not know the size or generalizability of such same-sex teacher effects. We fill this gap by conducting a meta-analysis and our own study using data from 90 countries. Our meta-analysis summarizes the literature, highlights that estimates are difficult to compare because of differences in methods, and shows evidence of publication bias. Our multi-country study overcomes these shortcomings by providing many comparable estimates which are free of publication bias. Those estimates are ideal for learning about the generalizability of an effect. Our results reveal an interesting pattern. In primary education, effects vary substantially by country and outcome. In secondary education, same-sex teacher effects are near-universally positive for all countries and outcomes. Our paper showcases how we can use multi-country studies to learn about the generalizability of an effect.

Abstract

The idea that students benefit from same-sex teachers has motivated policies around the world aimed at reducing gender inequalities. However, we do not know the size or generalizability of such same-sex teacher effects. We fill this gap by conducting a meta-analysis and our own study using data from 90 countries. Our meta-analysis summarizes the literature, highlights that estimates are difficult to compare because of differences in methods, and shows evidence of publication bias. Our multi-country study overcomes these shortcomings by providing many comparable estimates which are free of publication bias. Those estimates are ideal for learning about the generalizability of an effect. Our results reveal an interesting pattern. In primary education, effects vary substantially by country and outcome. In secondary education, same-sex teacher effects are near-universally positive for all countries and outcomes. Our paper showcases how we can use multi-country studies to learn about the generalizability of an effect.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Working Paper
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Economics
06 Faculty of Arts > Jacobs Center for Productive Youth Development
Working Paper Series > Department of Economics
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Economics
JEL Classification:I21, I24, J24
Uncontrolled Keywords:Same-sex role models, STEM, teachers, external validity, multi-country study, gender role models, standardized test scores, grades, job preferences, meta-analysis, meta-science
Scope:Discipline-based scholarship (basic research)
Language:English
Date:May 2024
Deposited On:08 Jun 2023 11:52
Last Modified:14 May 2024 07:44
Series Name:Working paper series / Department of Economics
Number of Pages:80
ISSN:1664-7041
Additional Information:Revised version ; Former title: Same-sex role model effects in education ; Auch publiziert als URPP Equality of Opportunity Discussion Paper No. 30: https://www.zora.uzh.ch/id/eprint/255951/
OA Status:Green
Related URLs:https://www.econ.uzh.ch/en/research/workingpapers.html
Other Identification Number:merlin-id:23781
  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Permission: Download for registered users
  • Description: Version June 2023
  • Content: Updated Version
  • Language: English
  • Description: Revised version May 2024