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Paternal meiotic origin of der(21;21)(q10;q10) mosaicism [46,XX/46,XX,der(21;21)(q10;q10),+21] in a girl with mild Down syndrome


Kotzot, Dieter; Schinzel, Albert (2000). Paternal meiotic origin of der(21;21)(q10;q10) mosaicism [46,XX/46,XX,der(21;21)(q10;q10),+21] in a girl with mild Down syndrome. European Journal of Human Genetics, 8(9):709-712.

Abstract

Mosaicism for a derivative 21, der(21;21)(q10;q10), is a rare chromosomal abnormality. Since a normal cell line is present, mitotic origin is considered. Chromosome examination of a female with developmental delay and dysmorphic features compatible with mosaic trisomy 21 revealed a normal cell line and a second cell line with a der(21;21)(q10;q10) [46,XX/46,XX,der(21;21)(q10;q10),+21]. Molecular investigation with a panel of highly polymorphic microsatellites mapping to chromosome 21 demonstrated three different alleles, two of paternal and one of maternal origin. Therefore, either formation of the der(21;21)(q10;q10) during paternal meiosis with subsequent loss of the der(21;21)(q10;q10) and mitotic reduplication of the maternal homologue in the normal cell line, or more likely a zygote with paternally derived trisomy 21 and subsequent mitotic formation of the der(21;21)(q10;q10) have to be considered. This case again shows that mammalian chromosome aberrations may have a more complex mechanism of formation than was previously thought.

Abstract

Mosaicism for a derivative 21, der(21;21)(q10;q10), is a rare chromosomal abnormality. Since a normal cell line is present, mitotic origin is considered. Chromosome examination of a female with developmental delay and dysmorphic features compatible with mosaic trisomy 21 revealed a normal cell line and a second cell line with a der(21;21)(q10;q10) [46,XX/46,XX,der(21;21)(q10;q10),+21]. Molecular investigation with a panel of highly polymorphic microsatellites mapping to chromosome 21 demonstrated three different alleles, two of paternal and one of maternal origin. Therefore, either formation of the der(21;21)(q10;q10) during paternal meiosis with subsequent loss of the der(21;21)(q10;q10) and mitotic reduplication of the maternal homologue in the normal cell line, or more likely a zygote with paternally derived trisomy 21 and subsequent mitotic formation of the der(21;21)(q10;q10) have to be considered. This case again shows that mammalian chromosome aberrations may have a more complex mechanism of formation than was previously thought.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Genetics
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Genetics
Health Sciences > Genetics (clinical)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Genetics (clinical), Genetics, isochromosome, mosaicism, translocation, trisomy 21
Language:English
Date:31 August 2000
Deposited On:23 Jun 2023 11:34
Last Modified:29 Apr 2024 01:38
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:1018-4813
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.ejhg.5200520
PubMed ID:10980577