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The MOM1 complex recruits the RdDM machinery via MORC6 to establish de novo DNA methylation


Li, Zheng; Wang, Ming; Zhong, Zhenhui; Gallego-Bartolomé, Javier; Feng, Suhua; Jami-Alahmadi, Yasaman; Wang, Xinyi; Wohlschlegel, James; Bischof, Sylvain; Long, Jeff A; Jacobsen, Steven E (2023). The MOM1 complex recruits the RdDM machinery via MORC6 to establish de novo DNA methylation. Nature Communications, 14(1):online.

Abstract

MORPHEUS' MOLECULE1 (MOM1) is an Arabidopsis factor previously shown to mediate transcriptional silencing independent of major DNA methylation changes. Here we find that MOM1 localizes with sites of RNA-directed DNA methylation (RdDM). Tethering MOM1 with an artificial zinc finger to an unmethylated FWA promoter leads to establishment of DNA methylation and FWA silencing. This process is blocked by mutations in components of the Pol V arm of the RdDM machinery, as well as by mutation of MICRORCHIDIA 6 (MORC6). We find that at some endogenous RdDM sites, MOM1 is required to maintain DNA methylation and a closed chromatin state. In addition, efficient silencing of newly introduced FWA transgenes is impaired in the mom1 mutant. In addition to RdDM sites, we identify a group of MOM1 peaks at active chromatin near genes that colocalized with MORC6. These findings demonstrate a multifaceted role of MOM1 in genome regulation.

Abstract

MORPHEUS' MOLECULE1 (MOM1) is an Arabidopsis factor previously shown to mediate transcriptional silencing independent of major DNA methylation changes. Here we find that MOM1 localizes with sites of RNA-directed DNA methylation (RdDM). Tethering MOM1 with an artificial zinc finger to an unmethylated FWA promoter leads to establishment of DNA methylation and FWA silencing. This process is blocked by mutations in components of the Pol V arm of the RdDM machinery, as well as by mutation of MICRORCHIDIA 6 (MORC6). We find that at some endogenous RdDM sites, MOM1 is required to maintain DNA methylation and a closed chromatin state. In addition, efficient silencing of newly introduced FWA transgenes is impaired in the mom1 mutant. In addition to RdDM sites, we identify a group of MOM1 peaks at active chromatin near genes that colocalized with MORC6. These findings demonstrate a multifaceted role of MOM1 in genome regulation.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Plant and Microbial Biology
07 Faculty of Science > Zurich-Basel Plant Science Center
Dewey Decimal Classification:580 Plants (Botany)
Language:English
Date:12 July 2023
Deposited On:18 Jul 2023 13:07
Last Modified:30 May 2024 01:43
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:2041-1723
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-023-39751-4
PubMed ID:37438334
  • Content: Published Version
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)