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Sensitive multicolor indicators for monitoring norepinephrine in vivo


Abstract

Genetically encoded indicators engineered from G-protein-coupled receptors are important tools that enable high-resolution in vivo neuromodulator imaging. Here, we introduce a family of sensitive multicolor norepinephrine (NE) indicators, which includes nLightG (green) and nLightR (red). These tools report endogenous NE release in vitro, ex vivo and in vivo with improved sensitivity, ligand selectivity and kinetics, as well as a distinct pharmacological profile compared with previous state-of-the-art GRAB$_{NE}$ indicators. Using in vivo multisite fiber photometry recordings of nLightG, we could simultaneously monitor optogenetically evoked NE release in the mouse locus coeruleus and hippocampus. Two-photon imaging of nLightG revealed locomotion and reward-related NE transients in the dorsal CA1 area of the hippocampus. Thus, the sensitive NE indicators introduced here represent an important addition to the current repertoire of indicators and provide the means for a thorough investigation of the NE system.

Abstract

Genetically encoded indicators engineered from G-protein-coupled receptors are important tools that enable high-resolution in vivo neuromodulator imaging. Here, we introduce a family of sensitive multicolor norepinephrine (NE) indicators, which includes nLightG (green) and nLightR (red). These tools report endogenous NE release in vitro, ex vivo and in vivo with improved sensitivity, ligand selectivity and kinetics, as well as a distinct pharmacological profile compared with previous state-of-the-art GRAB$_{NE}$ indicators. Using in vivo multisite fiber photometry recordings of nLightG, we could simultaneously monitor optogenetically evoked NE release in the mouse locus coeruleus and hippocampus. Two-photon imaging of nLightG revealed locomotion and reward-related NE transients in the dorsal CA1 area of the hippocampus. Thus, the sensitive NE indicators introduced here represent an important addition to the current repertoire of indicators and provide the means for a thorough investigation of the NE system.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Biotechnology
Life Sciences > Biochemistry
Life Sciences > Molecular Biology
Life Sciences > Cell Biology
Language:English
Date:1 September 2023
Deposited On:24 Aug 2023 08:48
Last Modified:29 Jun 2024 01:37
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:1548-7091
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41592-023-01959-z
PubMed ID:37474807