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The shortsighted victim: Short-term mindsets mediate the link between victimization and later offending


Kübel, Sebastian L; Deitzer, Jessica R; Frankenhuis, Willem E; Ribeaud, Denis; Eisner, Manuel P; van Gelder, Jean-Louis (2023). The shortsighted victim: Short-term mindsets mediate the link between victimization and later offending. Journal of Criminal Justice, 86(102062):102062.

Abstract

Background
Predominant explanations of the victim-offender overlap tend to focus on shared causes, such as (low) self-control or risky lifestyles. Such explanations bypass the possibility of a causal link between victimization and offending. We draw on evolutionary developmental psychology and criminological research to propose and test the hypothesis that victimization induces what we refer to as a short-term mindset, i.e., an orientation towards the here-and-now at the expense of considering the future, which in turn increases offending.

Methods
We test this mediation hypothesis using structural equation modeling of longitudinal data from a representative sample of urban youth from the city of Zurich, Switzerland (N = 1675).

Results
In line with our preregistered predictions, we find that short-term mindsets mediate the effect of victimization on offending, net of prior levels of offending and short-term mindsets, and other controls.

Conclusions
We discuss implications for criminological theory and interventions.

Abstract

Background
Predominant explanations of the victim-offender overlap tend to focus on shared causes, such as (low) self-control or risky lifestyles. Such explanations bypass the possibility of a causal link between victimization and offending. We draw on evolutionary developmental psychology and criminological research to propose and test the hypothesis that victimization induces what we refer to as a short-term mindset, i.e., an orientation towards the here-and-now at the expense of considering the future, which in turn increases offending.

Methods
We test this mediation hypothesis using structural equation modeling of longitudinal data from a representative sample of urban youth from the city of Zurich, Switzerland (N = 1675).

Results
In line with our preregistered predictions, we find that short-term mindsets mediate the effect of victimization on offending, net of prior levels of offending and short-term mindsets, and other controls.

Conclusions
We discuss implications for criminological theory and interventions.

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3 citations in Scopus®
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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Sociology
06 Faculty of Arts > Jacobs Center for Productive Youth Development
Dewey Decimal Classification:370 Education
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > Social Psychology
Social Sciences & Humanities > Applied Psychology
Social Sciences & Humanities > Sociology and Political Science
Social Sciences & Humanities > Law
Uncontrolled Keywords:Law, Sociology and Political Science, Applied Psychology, Social Psychology
Language:English
Date:1 May 2023
Deposited On:18 Aug 2023 09:38
Last Modified:29 Jun 2024 01:37
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0047-2352
OA Status:Hybrid
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcrimjus.2023.102062