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Intra- and intersegmental duration compensation of Korean plosives


Choi, Yeongeun (2023). Intra- and intersegmental duration compensation of Korean plosives. In: 20th International Congress of Phonetic Sciences (ICPhS), Prag, 7 August 2023 - 11 August 2023. International Phonetic Association, 2159-2163.

Abstract

This study investigates the durational characteristics of three types of word-initial Korean plosives (fortis, lenis, aspirated), with a focus on the correlations between Closure duration (CD), Voice onset time (VOT), and the following vowel. Read speech of 15 native Korean speakers was recorded. The results show that (1) the VOT of aspirated plosives is as short as that of lenis plosives (even shorter in the case of velars), (2) CD plays a more important role in distinguishing Korean plosives than VOT, and (3) the durations of CD and VOT are dependent on one another in a complementary relationship. (4) In general, plosive duration influences vowel length (the longer the plosive, the shorter the vowel); particularly, (5) VOT is closely correlated with vowel length across place and manner of articulation. In sum, CD and VOT of Korean plosives influence each other and partially also the duration of the following vowel.

Abstract

This study investigates the durational characteristics of three types of word-initial Korean plosives (fortis, lenis, aspirated), with a focus on the correlations between Closure duration (CD), Voice onset time (VOT), and the following vowel. Read speech of 15 native Korean speakers was recorded. The results show that (1) the VOT of aspirated plosives is as short as that of lenis plosives (even shorter in the case of velars), (2) CD plays a more important role in distinguishing Korean plosives than VOT, and (3) the durations of CD and VOT are dependent on one another in a complementary relationship. (4) In general, plosive duration influences vowel length (the longer the plosive, the shorter the vowel); particularly, (5) VOT is closely correlated with vowel length across place and manner of articulation. In sum, CD and VOT of Korean plosives influence each other and partially also the duration of the following vowel.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper), refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Computational Linguistics
Dewey Decimal Classification:000 Computer science, knowledge & systems
410 Linguistics
Language:English
Event End Date:11 August 2023
Deposited On:30 Aug 2023 08:18
Last Modified:16 Feb 2024 14:49
Publisher:International Phonetic Association
Series Name:Proceedings of the International Congress of Phonetic Sciences
ISSN:0301-3162
ISBN:978-80-908 114-2-3
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Official URL:https://guarant.cz/icphs2023/467.pdf
Related URLs:https://www.icphs2023.org (Organisation)
  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)