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Influence of high-irradiance light curing on the marginal integrity of composite restorations in primary teeth


Frank, Janina; Tauböck, Tobias T; Zimmermann, Marcus; Attin, Thomas; Hamza, Blend (2023). Influence of high-irradiance light curing on the marginal integrity of composite restorations in primary teeth. BMC Oral Health, 23(1):569.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Reducing the necessary time to restore primary teeth improves the cooperation of paediatric patients. This study aimed to investigate the marginal integrity of restorations prepared with a bulk-fill resin-based composite (RBC) containing additional fragmentation chain transfer (AFCT) compared to a conventional RBC when light cured with a rapid high-irradiance (3 s) and a regular (10 s) curing mode.
METHODS: Forty class-II cavities were prepared in 40 primary molars. The molars were randomly divided into four groups based on the applied light-curing modes (regular: 10 s @ 1200 mW/cm$^{2}$ or high-irradiance: 3 s @ 3000 mW/cm$^{2}$) and the used restorative material (AFCT-containing bulk-fill RBC "Power Fill" or AFCT-free conventional RBC "Prime"). After thermo-mechanical loading, the marginal integrity was analysed using scanning electron microscopy. A beta regression model and pairwise comparisons were used to statistically analyse the data.
RESULTS: The mean marginal integrity (% ± SD) of the restorations for each group was as follows: Power Fill (10 s: 79.7 ± 15.6) (3 s: 77.6 ± 11.3), Prime (10 s: 69.7 ± 11.1) (3 s: 75.0 ± 9.7). The difference between the RBCs for the same light-curing mode was statistically significant (p ≤ 0.05). The difference between the light-curing modes for the same RBC was not statistically significant (p ˃ 0.5).
CONCLUSIONS: AFCT-containing bulk-fill RBC "Power Fill" achieves similar marginal integrity when light-cured with either high-irradiance or regular light-curing modes. "Power Fill" achieves better marginal integrity than the conventional RBC "Prime" regardless of the applied light-curing mode.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Reducing the necessary time to restore primary teeth improves the cooperation of paediatric patients. This study aimed to investigate the marginal integrity of restorations prepared with a bulk-fill resin-based composite (RBC) containing additional fragmentation chain transfer (AFCT) compared to a conventional RBC when light cured with a rapid high-irradiance (3 s) and a regular (10 s) curing mode.
METHODS: Forty class-II cavities were prepared in 40 primary molars. The molars were randomly divided into four groups based on the applied light-curing modes (regular: 10 s @ 1200 mW/cm$^{2}$ or high-irradiance: 3 s @ 3000 mW/cm$^{2}$) and the used restorative material (AFCT-containing bulk-fill RBC "Power Fill" or AFCT-free conventional RBC "Prime"). After thermo-mechanical loading, the marginal integrity was analysed using scanning electron microscopy. A beta regression model and pairwise comparisons were used to statistically analyse the data.
RESULTS: The mean marginal integrity (% ± SD) of the restorations for each group was as follows: Power Fill (10 s: 79.7 ± 15.6) (3 s: 77.6 ± 11.3), Prime (10 s: 69.7 ± 11.1) (3 s: 75.0 ± 9.7). The difference between the RBCs for the same light-curing mode was statistically significant (p ≤ 0.05). The difference between the light-curing modes for the same RBC was not statistically significant (p ˃ 0.5).
CONCLUSIONS: AFCT-containing bulk-fill RBC "Power Fill" achieves similar marginal integrity when light-cured with either high-irradiance or regular light-curing modes. "Power Fill" achieves better marginal integrity than the conventional RBC "Prime" regardless of the applied light-curing mode.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic of Conservative and Preventive Dentistry
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > General Dentistry
Language:English
Date:13 August 2023
Deposited On:30 Aug 2023 18:30
Last Modified:29 Apr 2024 01:39
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:1472-6831
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1186/s12903-023-03291-6
PubMed ID:37574544
  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)