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Hair concentrations of anti-malarials in returned travellers-the HAIR study: Proof of principle analysis


Steiner, Regula; Kaulich, Anne; Müller, Daniel; Schlagenhauf, Patricia (2023). Hair concentrations of anti-malarials in returned travellers-the HAIR study: Proof of principle analysis. Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease, 54:102590.

Abstract

Background: Hair analysis to identify substance use is an established methodology. This could also be a method to monitor adherence to antimalarial drugs. We aimed to establish a methodology to determine hair concentrations of atovaquone, proguanil and mefloquine in travellers using chemoprophylaxis.

Methods: A liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed and validated for simultaneous analysis of the antimalarial drugs -atovaquone (ATQ), proguanil (PRO) and mefloquine (MQ), in human hair. The hair samples from five volunteers were used for this proof-of-concept analysis. Three volunteers were taking daily atovaquone/proguanil (ATQ/PRO) chemoprophylaxis and two volunteers were using weekly mefloquine (MQ) chemoprophylaxis.

Results: With this proof-of-principle analysis, we could show that ATQ/PRO and MQ are integrated into the hair matrix. Chemoprophylaxis could be quantified with the established method. In hair segments, maximal concentrations of 3.0 ng/mL/20 mg hair proguanil, 1.3 ng/mL/20 mg hair atovaquone and 78.3 ng/mL/20 mg hair mefloquine were measured. Moreover, malaria drug concentration changes correlated with the time interval since finishing the chemoprophylaxis regimen.

Conclusions: The validated method was used successfully for the analysis of antimalarial-drug positive hair samples containing atovaquone, proguanil or mefloquine. This research shows that hair can be used for adherence monitoring of chemoprophylaxis and paves the way for larger studies and optimized procedures.

Abstract

Background: Hair analysis to identify substance use is an established methodology. This could also be a method to monitor adherence to antimalarial drugs. We aimed to establish a methodology to determine hair concentrations of atovaquone, proguanil and mefloquine in travellers using chemoprophylaxis.

Methods: A liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed and validated for simultaneous analysis of the antimalarial drugs -atovaquone (ATQ), proguanil (PRO) and mefloquine (MQ), in human hair. The hair samples from five volunteers were used for this proof-of-concept analysis. Three volunteers were taking daily atovaquone/proguanil (ATQ/PRO) chemoprophylaxis and two volunteers were using weekly mefloquine (MQ) chemoprophylaxis.

Results: With this proof-of-principle analysis, we could show that ATQ/PRO and MQ are integrated into the hair matrix. Chemoprophylaxis could be quantified with the established method. In hair segments, maximal concentrations of 3.0 ng/mL/20 mg hair proguanil, 1.3 ng/mL/20 mg hair atovaquone and 78.3 ng/mL/20 mg hair mefloquine were measured. Moreover, malaria drug concentration changes correlated with the time interval since finishing the chemoprophylaxis regimen.

Conclusions: The validated method was used successfully for the analysis of antimalarial-drug positive hair samples containing atovaquone, proguanil or mefloquine. This research shows that hair can be used for adherence monitoring of chemoprophylaxis and paves the way for larger studies and optimized procedures.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Clinical Chemistry
04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
540 Chemistry
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Health Sciences > Infectious Diseases
Uncontrolled Keywords:Infectious Diseases, Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Language:English
Date:1 July 2023
Deposited On:05 Sep 2023 15:58
Last Modified:29 Jun 2024 01:38
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1477-8939
OA Status:Hybrid
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tmaid.2023.102590
PubMed ID:37209974
  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)