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Switzerland


Humbert, Philippe; Sokolovska, Zorana; Baranzini, Laura; Casoni, Matteo; Christopher, Sabine; Coray, Renata; Schmid, Stephan (2023). Switzerland. In: Ball, Martin J; Meshtrie, Rajend; Meluzzi, Chiara. The Routledge handbook of sociolinguistics around the world (Second edition). New York: Routledge, 530-541.

Abstract

Switzerland is a multilingual federal state constituted of 26 cantons (political and territorial division units) with four national languages: German, French, Italian and Romansh. The first three are official languages of the Confederation; Romansh is a semi-official language (art. 4 & art. 70 of the Federal Constitution5). Swiss language policy and planning follow the principles of territoriality and personality: the language(s) of the cantons are language(s) of communication in official contexts (e.g., education, local administration), whereas in interaction with the Federal administration,
all national languages can be used.
Sociolinguistics in Switzerland is thus strongly anchored in a multilingual perspective, which we will keep in mind in the four sections dedicated to each national language. Our contribution draws on various sociolinguistic approaches and reviews important work published in the last 10–15 years dealing with topics such as language policy, language attitudes and ideologies, language contact and variation, and sociolinguistic debates, without claiming to be comprehensive.

Abstract

Switzerland is a multilingual federal state constituted of 26 cantons (political and territorial division units) with four national languages: German, French, Italian and Romansh. The first three are official languages of the Confederation; Romansh is a semi-official language (art. 4 & art. 70 of the Federal Constitution5). Swiss language policy and planning follow the principles of territoriality and personality: the language(s) of the cantons are language(s) of communication in official contexts (e.g., education, local administration), whereas in interaction with the Federal administration,
all national languages can be used.
Sociolinguistics in Switzerland is thus strongly anchored in a multilingual perspective, which we will keep in mind in the four sections dedicated to each national language. Our contribution draws on various sociolinguistic approaches and reviews important work published in the last 10–15 years dealing with topics such as language policy, language attitudes and ideologies, language contact and variation, and sociolinguistic debates, without claiming to be comprehensive.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Book Section, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Computational Linguistics
06 Faculty of Arts > Zurich Center for Linguistics
Dewey Decimal Classification:000 Computer science, knowledge & systems
410 Linguistics
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > General Arts and Humanities
Social Sciences & Humanities > General Social Sciences
Language:English
Date:2023
Deposited On:10 Oct 2023 14:49
Last Modified:22 Feb 2024 04:56
Publisher:Routledge
Edition:Second edition
ISBN:978-1-032-05612-8
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.4324/9781003198345-51