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Clinical and Molecular Analysis of Five(Inv) Dup(15) Patients


Robinson, Wendy P; Binkert, Franz; Giné, Ramon; Vazquez, Carlos; Müller, Wilfried; Rosenkranz, Walter; Schinzel, Albert (1993). Clinical and Molecular Analysis of Five(Inv) Dup(15) Patients. European Journal of Human Genetics, 1(1):37-50.

Abstract

Five patients with inv dup(15) chromosomes were investigated with molecular probes on proximal 15q to determine the parental origin and extent of the duplicated segment. Cytogenetic investigation showed that four patients carried one and a fifth patient had two extra chromosomes derived from number 15 in all cells. In situ hybridization with a chromosome 15 library and a centromere 15 probe confirmed that the entire inv dup chromosomes were derived from chromosome 15. Molecular analysis using probes mapping in the region deleted in Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) and Angelman syndrome (AS) patients implied that in at least two patients the extra chromosomes were asymmetric with one copy of the PWS region on the extra marker chromosome but two copies of the region centromeric to the PWS region. Three other cases had an inv dup(15) with two extra copies of the PWS region, but in one of these, heteromorphisms clearly demonstrated that the two centromeres derived from two different chromosomes. The inv dup(15) presumably resulted from an illegitimate recombination event between two different chromosomes 15 in most or all of these cases. All patients showed a maternal origin of the duplicated chromosome. The clinical severity appears to be associated with dosage of the PWS/AS region rather than with differences in the extent of the duplicated segment.

Abstract

Five patients with inv dup(15) chromosomes were investigated with molecular probes on proximal 15q to determine the parental origin and extent of the duplicated segment. Cytogenetic investigation showed that four patients carried one and a fifth patient had two extra chromosomes derived from number 15 in all cells. In situ hybridization with a chromosome 15 library and a centromere 15 probe confirmed that the entire inv dup chromosomes were derived from chromosome 15. Molecular analysis using probes mapping in the region deleted in Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) and Angelman syndrome (AS) patients implied that in at least two patients the extra chromosomes were asymmetric with one copy of the PWS region on the extra marker chromosome but two copies of the region centromeric to the PWS region. Three other cases had an inv dup(15) with two extra copies of the PWS region, but in one of these, heteromorphisms clearly demonstrated that the two centromeres derived from two different chromosomes. The inv dup(15) presumably resulted from an illegitimate recombination event between two different chromosomes 15 in most or all of these cases. All patients showed a maternal origin of the duplicated chromosome. The clinical severity appears to be associated with dosage of the PWS/AS region rather than with differences in the extent of the duplicated segment.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Genetics
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
570 Life sciences; biology
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Genetics
Health Sciences > Genetics (clinical)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Genetics (clinical), Genetics, Inv dup(15), Chromosome 15, Prader-Willi syndrome, Partial trisomy 15, Partial tetrasomy 15, Molecular cytogenetics
Language:English
Date:1 January 1993
Deposited On:05 Oct 2023 14:24
Last Modified:30 Mar 2024 04:43
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:1018-4813
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1159/000472386
PubMed ID:8069650
Other Identification Number:Corpus ID: 29108382
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