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Parlamentswahlen nach dem doppelt-proportionalen Sitzzuteilungsverfahren im Lichte der territorialen Repräsentation. Eine empirische Annäherung an ein konzeptionelles Dilemma


Lüscher, Sandro (2023). Parlamentswahlen nach dem doppelt-proportionalen Sitzzuteilungsverfahren im Lichte der territorialen Repräsentation. Eine empirische Annäherung an ein konzeptionelles Dilemma. Zeitschrift für Parlamentsfragen, 54(3):571-595.

Abstract

The “doppelter Pukelsheim”, as the biproportional divisor method with standard rounding is colloquially called, enjoys great popularity in Switzerland. For good reason: the new method of distributing parliamentary seats among the parties better reflects the will of the voters than conventional PR-based methods. However, the formula, which was used for the first time in 2007 for the cantonal elections in Zurich, has a mathematical property that works against a fair representation of local electorates. Specifically, unequal participation rates and unequal proportions of eligible voters in the constituencies subtly lead to unequal influence of the individual constituencies on the overall result. On the basis of the Zurich municipal elections 2022 and the Graubünden cantonal elections 2022, I explain why this is problematic and then show how the representation of the constituency electorates could be optimized with a minimal intervention in the calculation formula. The evaluation shows that, in both cases, seat shifts between the parties occur. This can be explained to a large extent by the different mobilization of the constituency electorates and only to a lesser extent by the different proportions of eligible voters in the constituencies. Furthermore, initial evidence suggests that these seat shifts are not random but are related to the demographics of the party electorates.

Abstract

The “doppelter Pukelsheim”, as the biproportional divisor method with standard rounding is colloquially called, enjoys great popularity in Switzerland. For good reason: the new method of distributing parliamentary seats among the parties better reflects the will of the voters than conventional PR-based methods. However, the formula, which was used for the first time in 2007 for the cantonal elections in Zurich, has a mathematical property that works against a fair representation of local electorates. Specifically, unequal participation rates and unequal proportions of eligible voters in the constituencies subtly lead to unequal influence of the individual constituencies on the overall result. On the basis of the Zurich municipal elections 2022 and the Graubünden cantonal elections 2022, I explain why this is problematic and then show how the representation of the constituency electorates could be optimized with a minimal intervention in the calculation formula. The evaluation shows that, in both cases, seat shifts between the parties occur. This can be explained to a large extent by the different mobilization of the constituency electorates and only to a lesser extent by the different proportions of eligible voters in the constituencies. Furthermore, initial evidence suggests that these seat shifts are not random but are related to the demographics of the party electorates.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Political Science
Dewey Decimal Classification:320 Political science
Uncontrolled Keywords:Wahlrecht, kantonale Parlamente, Sitzzuteilungsverfahren, politische Repräsentation, territoriale Repräsentation, Doppelproporz
Language:German
Date:9 October 2023
Deposited On:31 Oct 2023 11:08
Last Modified:09 Nov 2023 10:19
Publisher:Deutsche Vereinigung für Parlamentsfragen
ISSN:0340-1758
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.5771/0340-1758-2023-3-571