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Supplementation of Energy Drinks with Green Tea Extract: Effect on In Vitro Abrasive/Erosive Dentin Wear


Blatter, Nicolai; Hamza, Blend; Attin, Thomas; Wegehaupt, Florian J (2023). Supplementation of Energy Drinks with Green Tea Extract: Effect on In Vitro Abrasive/Erosive Dentin Wear. Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry, 21(1):391-396.

Abstract

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of the supplementation of energy drinks with green tea extract on abrasive and erosive dentin wear.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six groups, each comprising 15 bovine dentin samples, were prepared, yielding a total of 90 samples. Erosion was performed by immersing the samples in Red Bull and Red Bull light with and without green tea extract. Tap water with and without green tea extract was used as the control groups. The samples were subjected to abrasive/erosive cycling for five days. The following cycling was performed daily: toothbrush abrasion (20 brushstrokes; 2.5 N); eight erosive cycles (2 min storage in the respective solutions); in between the erosive cycles, storage in artificial saliva (60 min) and again toothbrush abrasion (20 brushstrokes; 2.5 N). During the night, samples were again stored in artificial saliva. Abrasive/erosive dentin wear was measured using a stylus profilometer (µm, accuracy = 40 nm). The measured dentin loss results from the vertical position shift on the y-axis from base to final profile after the wear process in 2D. Pairwise comparisons between the groups were carried out using Wilcoxon signed-rank test.
RESULTS: The following dentin wear (median [IQR]) was measured: Red Bull: 1.9 µm (0.5); Red Bull Light: 1.3 µm (0.3); Red Bull with green tea extract: 0.8 µm (0.3); Red Bull Light with green tea extract: 0.3 µm (0.5); Tap water with green tea extract: -0.2 µm (0.7); Tap water: -1.0 µm (1.2). The comparison of all tested groups to each other proved to be statistically significant (p < 0.05).
CONCLUSION: The supplementation of energy drinks with green tea extract provide a protective effect against erosive/abrasive wear in vitro.

Abstract

PURPOSE: To investigate the effect of the supplementation of energy drinks with green tea extract on abrasive and erosive dentin wear.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Six groups, each comprising 15 bovine dentin samples, were prepared, yielding a total of 90 samples. Erosion was performed by immersing the samples in Red Bull and Red Bull light with and without green tea extract. Tap water with and without green tea extract was used as the control groups. The samples were subjected to abrasive/erosive cycling for five days. The following cycling was performed daily: toothbrush abrasion (20 brushstrokes; 2.5 N); eight erosive cycles (2 min storage in the respective solutions); in between the erosive cycles, storage in artificial saliva (60 min) and again toothbrush abrasion (20 brushstrokes; 2.5 N). During the night, samples were again stored in artificial saliva. Abrasive/erosive dentin wear was measured using a stylus profilometer (µm, accuracy = 40 nm). The measured dentin loss results from the vertical position shift on the y-axis from base to final profile after the wear process in 2D. Pairwise comparisons between the groups were carried out using Wilcoxon signed-rank test.
RESULTS: The following dentin wear (median [IQR]) was measured: Red Bull: 1.9 µm (0.5); Red Bull Light: 1.3 µm (0.3); Red Bull with green tea extract: 0.8 µm (0.3); Red Bull Light with green tea extract: 0.3 µm (0.5); Tap water with green tea extract: -0.2 µm (0.7); Tap water: -1.0 µm (1.2). The comparison of all tested groups to each other proved to be statistically significant (p < 0.05).
CONCLUSION: The supplementation of energy drinks with green tea extract provide a protective effect against erosive/abrasive wear in vitro.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic of Conservative and Preventive Dentistry
04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Dental Medicine > Clinic for Orthodontics and Pediatric Dentistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:abrasive dentin wear; energy drinks; erosive dentin wear; green tea; profilometry
Language:English
Date:27 September 2023
Deposited On:07 Nov 2023 11:55
Last Modified:29 Apr 2024 01:40
Publisher:Quintessence Publishing
ISSN:1602-1622
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3290/j.ohpd.b4586835
PubMed ID:37916550
  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)