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Two-dimensional Shiba lattices as a possible platform for crystalline topological superconductivity


Soldini, Martina O; Küster, Felix; Wagner, Glenn; Das, Souvik; Aldarawsheh, Amal; Thomale, Ronny; Lounis, Samir; Parkin, Stuart S P; Sessi, Paolo; Neupert, Titus (2023). Two-dimensional Shiba lattices as a possible platform for crystalline topological superconductivity. Nature Physics, 19(12):1848-1854.

Abstract

Localized or propagating Majorana boundary modes are the key feature of topological superconductors. They are rare in naturally occurring compounds, but the tailored manipulation of quantum matter offers opportunities for their realization. Specifically, lattices of Yu–Shiba–Rusinov bound states—Shiba lattices—that arise when magnetic adatoms are placed on the surface of a conventional superconductor can be used to create topological bands within the superconducting gap of the substrate. Here we reveal two signatures consistent with the realization of two types of mirror-symmetry-protected topological superconductor using scanning tunnelling microscopy to create and probe adatom lattices with single-atom precision. The first has edge modes as well as higher-order corner states, and the second has symmetry-protected bulk nodal points. In principle, their topological character and boundary modes should be protected by the spatial symmetries of the adatom lattice. Our results highlight the potential of Shiba lattices as a platform to design the topology and sample geometry of two-dimensional superconductors.

Abstract

Localized or propagating Majorana boundary modes are the key feature of topological superconductors. They are rare in naturally occurring compounds, but the tailored manipulation of quantum matter offers opportunities for their realization. Specifically, lattices of Yu–Shiba–Rusinov bound states—Shiba lattices—that arise when magnetic adatoms are placed on the surface of a conventional superconductor can be used to create topological bands within the superconducting gap of the substrate. Here we reveal two signatures consistent with the realization of two types of mirror-symmetry-protected topological superconductor using scanning tunnelling microscopy to create and probe adatom lattices with single-atom precision. The first has edge modes as well as higher-order corner states, and the second has symmetry-protected bulk nodal points. In principle, their topological character and boundary modes should be protected by the spatial symmetries of the adatom lattice. Our results highlight the potential of Shiba lattices as a platform to design the topology and sample geometry of two-dimensional superconductors.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > General Physics and Astronomy
Language:English
Date:1 December 2023
Deposited On:24 Nov 2023 10:42
Last Modified:29 Jun 2024 01:40
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:1745-2473
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41567-023-02104-5