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ARMC9 and TOGARAM1 define a Joubert syndrome-associated protein module that regulates axonemal post-translational modifications and cilium stability


Abstract

Joubert syndrome (JBTS) is a recessive neurodevelopmental ciliopathy, characterized by a pathognomonic hindbrain malformation. All known JBTS-genes encode proteins involved in the structure or function of primary cilia, ubiquitous antenna-like organelles essential for cellular signal transduction. Here, we use the recently identified JBTS-associated protein ARMC9 in tandem-affinity purification and yeast two-hybrid screens to identify a novel ciliary module composed of ARMC9-TOGARAM1-CCDC66-CEP104- CSPP1. TOGARAM1-variants cause JBTS and disrupt its interaction with ARMC9. Using a combination of protein interaction analyses and characterization of patient-derived fibroblasts, CRISPR/Cas9-engineered zebrafish and hTERT-RPE1 cells, we demonstrate that dysfunction of ARMC9 or TOGARAM1 results in short cilia with decreased axonemal acetylation and glutamylation, but relatively intact transition zone function. Aberrant serum-induced ciliary resorption and cold-induced depolymerization in both ARMC9 and TOGARAM1 patient cells lines suggest a role for this new JBTS-associated protein complex in ciliary stability.

Abstract

Joubert syndrome (JBTS) is a recessive neurodevelopmental ciliopathy, characterized by a pathognomonic hindbrain malformation. All known JBTS-genes encode proteins involved in the structure or function of primary cilia, ubiquitous antenna-like organelles essential for cellular signal transduction. Here, we use the recently identified JBTS-associated protein ARMC9 in tandem-affinity purification and yeast two-hybrid screens to identify a novel ciliary module composed of ARMC9-TOGARAM1-CCDC66-CEP104- CSPP1. TOGARAM1-variants cause JBTS and disrupt its interaction with ARMC9. Using a combination of protein interaction analyses and characterization of patient-derived fibroblasts, CRISPR/Cas9-engineered zebrafish and hTERT-RPE1 cells, we demonstrate that dysfunction of ARMC9 or TOGARAM1 results in short cilia with decreased axonemal acetylation and glutamylation, but relatively intact transition zone function. Aberrant serum-induced ciliary resorption and cold-induced depolymerization in both ARMC9 and TOGARAM1 patient cells lines suggest a role for this new JBTS-associated protein complex in ciliary stability.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Working Paper
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Genetics
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Life Sciences
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Genetics, Genetics (clinical),
Language:English
Date:28 October 2019
Deposited On:28 Nov 2023 08:24
Last Modified:29 May 2024 12:13
Series Name:bioRxiv
ISSN:2164-7844
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1101/817213
Other Identification Number:Corpus ID: 208565582
  • Content: Submitted Version
  • Language: English
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)