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Multi-variate coding for possession: methodology and preliminary results


Chousou-Polydouri, Natalia; Inman, David; Huber, Thomas C; Bickel, Balthasar (2023). Multi-variate coding for possession: methodology and preliminary results. Linguistics, 61(6):1365-1402.

Abstract

In this work we are presenting a database structure to encode the phenomenon of differential possession across languages, considering noun possession classes and possessive constructions as independent but linked. We show how this structure can be used to study different dimensions of possession: semantics, noun valence, and possessive constructions. We present preliminary survey results from a global sample of 120 languages and show that there is a universal semantic core in both inalienable and non-possessible noun classes. Inalienables are centered on body parts and kinship. Non-possessibles are centered on animals, humans, and natural elements.

Abstract

In this work we are presenting a database structure to encode the phenomenon of differential possession across languages, considering noun possession classes and possessive constructions as independent but linked. We show how this structure can be used to study different dimensions of possession: semantics, noun valence, and possessive constructions. We present preliminary survey results from a global sample of 120 languages and show that there is a universal semantic core in both inalienable and non-possessible noun classes. Inalienables are centered on body parts and kinship. Non-possessibles are centered on animals, humans, and natural elements.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Department of Comparative Language Science
Special Collections > Centers of Competence > Center for the Interdisciplinary Study of Language Evolution
06 Faculty of Arts > Zurich Center for Linguistics
Dewey Decimal Classification:490 Other languages
410 Linguistics
890 Other literatures
Uncontrolled Keywords:possession, multivariate, alienable, noun, differential, classes
Language:English
Date:9 November 2023
Deposited On:13 Nov 2023 16:13
Last Modified:31 Mar 2024 03:33
Publisher:De Gruyter
ISSN:0024-3949
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1515/ling-2022-0021
  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)