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Mechanism for π phase shifts in Little-Parks experiments: Application to 4Hb−TaS2 and to 2H−TaS2 intercalated with chiral molecules


Fischer, Mark H; Lee, Patrick A; Ruhman, Jonathan (2023). Mechanism for π phase shifts in Little-Parks experiments: Application to 4Hb−TaS2 and to 2H−TaS2 intercalated with chiral molecules. Physical review B, 108(18):L180505.

Abstract

Recently, unusual π phase shifts in Little-Parks experiments performed on two systems derived from the layered superconductor 2H−TaS2 were reported. These systems share the common feature that additional layers have been inserted between the 1H−TaS2 layers. In both cases, the π phase shift has been interpreted as evidence for the emergence of exotic superconductivity in the 1H layers. Here, we propose an alternative explanation assuming that superconductivity in the individual 1H layers is of conventional s-wave nature derived from the parent 2H−TaS2. We show that a negative Josephson coupling between otherwise decoupled neighboring 1H layers can explain the observations. Furthermore, we find that the negative coupling can arise naturally assuming a tunneling barrier containing paramagnetic impurities. An important ingredient is the suppression of non-spin-flip tunneling due to spin-momentum locking of Ising type in a single 1H layer together with the inversion symmetry of the double layer. In the exotic superconductivity scenario, it is challenging to explain why the critical temperature is almost the same as in the parent material and, in the 4Hb case, the superconductivity's robustness to disorder. Both are nonissues in our picture, which also exposes the common features that are special in these two systems.

Abstract

Recently, unusual π phase shifts in Little-Parks experiments performed on two systems derived from the layered superconductor 2H−TaS2 were reported. These systems share the common feature that additional layers have been inserted between the 1H−TaS2 layers. In both cases, the π phase shift has been interpreted as evidence for the emergence of exotic superconductivity in the 1H layers. Here, we propose an alternative explanation assuming that superconductivity in the individual 1H layers is of conventional s-wave nature derived from the parent 2H−TaS2. We show that a negative Josephson coupling between otherwise decoupled neighboring 1H layers can explain the observations. Furthermore, we find that the negative coupling can arise naturally assuming a tunneling barrier containing paramagnetic impurities. An important ingredient is the suppression of non-spin-flip tunneling due to spin-momentum locking of Ising type in a single 1H layer together with the inversion symmetry of the double layer. In the exotic superconductivity scenario, it is challenging to explain why the critical temperature is almost the same as in the parent material and, in the 4Hb case, the superconductivity's robustness to disorder. Both are nonissues in our picture, which also exposes the common features that are special in these two systems.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
Physical Sciences > Condensed Matter Physics
Language:English
Date:14 November 2023
Deposited On:12 Dec 2023 10:28
Last Modified:27 Jun 2024 03:39
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN:2469-9950
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.108.l180505
Project Information:
  • : FunderSchweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
  • : Grant ID
  • : Project Title