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Quality assessment of automatically planned O‐Ring linac SBRT plans for pelvic lymph node metastases, finding the optimal minimum target size by comparison with robotic SBRT


Hernández, Katerine Viviana Díaz; Unterkirhers, Sergejs; Schneider, Uwe (2023). Quality assessment of automatically planned O‐Ring linac SBRT plans for pelvic lymph node metastases, finding the optimal minimum target size by comparison with robotic SBRT. Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics, 24(12):e14143.

Abstract

PurposeThe purpose of this study is to assess the quality of automatic planned O‐Ring Halcyon linac SBRT plans for pelvic lymph node metastases and to establish an absolute PTV volume threshold as a plan quality prediction criterion. Compliance of the plans to institutional SBRT plan evaluation criteria and differences in plan quality and treatment delivery times between Halcyon Linac and CyberKnife robotic SBRT were evaluated.MethodsTwenty‐one CyberKnife treatment plans were replanned for Halcyon. Prescription doses range was 26–40 Gy in mean three fractions. The mean/median planning target volume was 4.0/3.6 cm$^{3}$. Institutional criteria for the plan evaluation were: New Conformity Index (NCI), Conformity Index (CI), Modified Gradient Index (MGI), selectivity index reciprocal (PIV/TV$_{PIV}$), and the target coverage by prescription isodose (%PIV). Statistical analysis based on the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine a plan quality predictor threshold of the PTV volume. Comparative analysis of normal tissue complication probabilities (NTCP) was used to assess the risk of toxicity in healthy tissues.ResultsSeventy‐one percent (n = 15)/95% (n = 20) of Halcyon and 81% (n = 17)/100% (n = 21) of CK plans fulfilled all ideal/tolerance criteria. For PTVs above a found optimal threshold of 2.6 cm$^{3}$ (71%, n = 15), no statistically significant difference was observed between the CI, NCI, PIV/TV$_{PIV}$, and MGI indexes of both groups, while the coverage (%PIV) was statistically but not clinically significantly different between cohorts. Significantly shorter delivery times are expected with Halcyon. No significant differences in NTCP were observed.ConclusionAll but one automatically optimized Halcyon treatment plans demonstrated ideal or acceptable performance. PTV threshold of 2.6 cm$^{3}$ can be used as decision criteria in clinical settings. The results of our study demonstrated the promising performance of the Halcyon for pelvic SBRT, although plan‐specific QA is required to verify machine performance during plan delivery.

Abstract

PurposeThe purpose of this study is to assess the quality of automatic planned O‐Ring Halcyon linac SBRT plans for pelvic lymph node metastases and to establish an absolute PTV volume threshold as a plan quality prediction criterion. Compliance of the plans to institutional SBRT plan evaluation criteria and differences in plan quality and treatment delivery times between Halcyon Linac and CyberKnife robotic SBRT were evaluated.MethodsTwenty‐one CyberKnife treatment plans were replanned for Halcyon. Prescription doses range was 26–40 Gy in mean three fractions. The mean/median planning target volume was 4.0/3.6 cm$^{3}$. Institutional criteria for the plan evaluation were: New Conformity Index (NCI), Conformity Index (CI), Modified Gradient Index (MGI), selectivity index reciprocal (PIV/TV$_{PIV}$), and the target coverage by prescription isodose (%PIV). Statistical analysis based on the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine a plan quality predictor threshold of the PTV volume. Comparative analysis of normal tissue complication probabilities (NTCP) was used to assess the risk of toxicity in healthy tissues.ResultsSeventy‐one percent (n = 15)/95% (n = 20) of Halcyon and 81% (n = 17)/100% (n = 21) of CK plans fulfilled all ideal/tolerance criteria. For PTVs above a found optimal threshold of 2.6 cm$^{3}$ (71%, n = 15), no statistically significant difference was observed between the CI, NCI, PIV/TV$_{PIV}$, and MGI indexes of both groups, while the coverage (%PIV) was statistically but not clinically significantly different between cohorts. Significantly shorter delivery times are expected with Halcyon. No significant differences in NTCP were observed.ConclusionAll but one automatically optimized Halcyon treatment plans demonstrated ideal or acceptable performance. PTV threshold of 2.6 cm$^{3}$ can be used as decision criteria in clinical settings. The results of our study demonstrated the promising performance of the Halcyon for pelvic SBRT, although plan‐specific QA is required to verify machine performance during plan delivery.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > Radiation
Physical Sciences > Instrumentation
Health Sciences > Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Imaging
Uncontrolled Keywords:Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and imaging, Instrumentation, Radiation
Language:English
Date:22 September 2023
Deposited On:15 Dec 2023 12:09
Last Modified:29 Jun 2024 01:40
Publisher:The American College of Medical Physics and American Institute of Physics
ISSN:1526-9914
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/acm2.14143
PubMed ID:37738649
  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)