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Towards sustainable human space exploration—priorities for radiation research to quantify and mitigate radiation risks


Fogtman, Anna; Baatout, Sarah; Baselet, Bjorn; Berger, Thomas; Hellweg, Christine E; Jiggens, Piers; La Tessa, Chiara; Narici, Livio; Nieminen, Petteri; Sabatier, Laure; Santin, Giovanni; Schneider, Uwe; Straube, Ulrich; Tabury, Kevin; Tinganelli, Walter; Walsh, Linda; Durante, Marco (2023). Towards sustainable human space exploration—priorities for radiation research to quantify and mitigate radiation risks. npj Microgravity, 9(1):8.

Abstract

Human spaceflight is entering a new era of sustainable human space exploration. By 2030 humans will regularly fly to the Moon’s orbit, return to the Moon’s surface and preparations for crewed Mars missions will intensify. In planning these undertakings, several challenges will need to be addressed in order to ensure the safety of astronauts during their space travels. One of the important challenges to overcome, that could be a major showstopper of the space endeavor, is the exposure to the space radiation environment. There is an urgent need for quantifying, managing and limiting the detrimental health risks and electronics damage induced by space radiation exposure. Such risks raise key priority topics for space research programs. Risk limitation involves obtaining a better understanding of space weather phenomena and the complex radiation environment in spaceflight, as well as developing and applying accurate dosimetric instruments, understanding related short- and long-term health risks, and strategies for effective countermeasures to minimize both exposure to space radiation and the remaining effects post exposure. The ESA/SciSpacE Space Radiation White Paper identifies those topics and underlines priorities for future research and development, to enable safe human and robotic exploration of space beyond Low Earth Orbit.

Abstract

Human spaceflight is entering a new era of sustainable human space exploration. By 2030 humans will regularly fly to the Moon’s orbit, return to the Moon’s surface and preparations for crewed Mars missions will intensify. In planning these undertakings, several challenges will need to be addressed in order to ensure the safety of astronauts during their space travels. One of the important challenges to overcome, that could be a major showstopper of the space endeavor, is the exposure to the space radiation environment. There is an urgent need for quantifying, managing and limiting the detrimental health risks and electronics damage induced by space radiation exposure. Such risks raise key priority topics for space research programs. Risk limitation involves obtaining a better understanding of space weather phenomena and the complex radiation environment in spaceflight, as well as developing and applying accurate dosimetric instruments, understanding related short- and long-term health risks, and strategies for effective countermeasures to minimize both exposure to space radiation and the remaining effects post exposure. The ESA/SciSpacE Space Radiation White Paper identifies those topics and underlines priorities for future research and development, to enable safe human and robotic exploration of space beyond Low Earth Orbit.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Medicine (miscellaneous)
Physical Sciences > Materials Science (miscellaneous)
Life Sciences > Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous)
Life Sciences > Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)
Physical Sciences > Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
Physical Sciences > Space and Planetary Science
Uncontrolled Keywords:Space and Planetary Science, Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous), Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous), Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology (miscellaneous), Materials Science (miscellaneous), Medicine (miscellaneous)
Language:English
Date:27 January 2023
Deposited On:15 Dec 2023 12:11
Last Modified:29 Jun 2024 01:40
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:2373-8065
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41526-023-00262-7
PubMed ID:36707520
  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)