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Cuticular Poroma: A Rare Poroma Variant Simulating a Malignant Neoplasm That Often Harbors YAP1::NUTM1 Fusions Similar to Their Conventional Counterparts


Kolm, Isabel; Konstantinova, Anastasia M; Kutzner, Heinz; Barghorn, André; Vanecek, Tomas; Mangana, Joanna; Kazakov, Dmitry V (2023). Cuticular Poroma: A Rare Poroma Variant Simulating a Malignant Neoplasm That Often Harbors YAP1::NUTM1 Fusions Similar to Their Conventional Counterparts. American Journal of Dermatopathology, 45(8):544-548.

Abstract

Cuticular poroma is a rare variant of poroma composed of exclusively or predominantly cuticular cells, namely of large cells with ample eosinophilic cytoplasm. We report 7 cases of this rare tumor identified among 426 neoplasms diagnosed as poroma or porocarcinoma. The patients were 4 males and 3 females, ranging in age from 18 to 88 years. All presented with a solitary asymptomatic nodule. The location included knee (2 cases), shoulder, thigh, shin, lower arm, and neck (each 1). All lesions were surgically removed. No evidence of disease was observed in 5 patients with available follow-up (range 12-124 months).Microscopically, all neoplasms were composed of variably sized, focally closed packed, or interconnecting nodules constituted mostly of cuticular cells. Small poroid cells were a focal feature in 5 tumors, whereas in the remaining 2 cases, poroid cells with conspicuous but still in minority. Five neoplasms were somewhat asymmetric, with irregular outlines. Ductal differentiation and intracytoplasmic vacuoles were seen in 6 tumors. Other features variably encountered were conspicuous intranuclear pseudoinclusions, cystic change, occasional multinucleated cells, increased mitoses, and stromal desmoplasia. Four of the 5 tumors analyzed with next-generation sequencing yielded YAP1::NUTM1 fusions. In addition, various mutations, mostly of unknown significance were identified in one neoplasm.

Abstract

Cuticular poroma is a rare variant of poroma composed of exclusively or predominantly cuticular cells, namely of large cells with ample eosinophilic cytoplasm. We report 7 cases of this rare tumor identified among 426 neoplasms diagnosed as poroma or porocarcinoma. The patients were 4 males and 3 females, ranging in age from 18 to 88 years. All presented with a solitary asymptomatic nodule. The location included knee (2 cases), shoulder, thigh, shin, lower arm, and neck (each 1). All lesions were surgically removed. No evidence of disease was observed in 5 patients with available follow-up (range 12-124 months).Microscopically, all neoplasms were composed of variably sized, focally closed packed, or interconnecting nodules constituted mostly of cuticular cells. Small poroid cells were a focal feature in 5 tumors, whereas in the remaining 2 cases, poroid cells with conspicuous but still in minority. Five neoplasms were somewhat asymmetric, with irregular outlines. Ductal differentiation and intracytoplasmic vacuoles were seen in 6 tumors. Other features variably encountered were conspicuous intranuclear pseudoinclusions, cystic change, occasional multinucleated cells, increased mitoses, and stromal desmoplasia. Four of the 5 tumors analyzed with next-generation sequencing yielded YAP1::NUTM1 fusions. In addition, various mutations, mostly of unknown significance were identified in one neoplasm.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Dermatology Clinic
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Pathology and Forensic Medicine
Health Sciences > Dermatology
Uncontrolled Keywords:Dermatology, General Medicine, Pathology and Forensic Medicine
Language:English
Date:1 August 2023
Deposited On:29 Nov 2023 16:49
Last Modified:27 Jun 2024 03:41
Publisher:Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
ISSN:0193-1091
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1097/dad.0000000000002465
PubMed ID:37335840