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Searching for Heavy Dark Matter near the Planck Mass with XENON1T


Abstract

Multiple viable theoretical models predict heavy dark matter particles with a mass close to the Planck mass, a range relatively unexplored by current experimental measurements. We use 219.4 days of data collected with the XENON1T experiment to conduct a blind search for signals from multiply interacting massive particles (MIMPs). Their unique track signature allows a targeted analysis with only 0.05 expected background events from muons. Following unblinding, we observe no signal candidate events. This Letter places strong constraints on spin-independent interactions of dark matter particles with a mass between 1×10$^{12}$ and 2×10$^{17}$  GeV/c$^{2}$. In addition, we present the first exclusion limits on spin-dependent MIMP-neutron and MIMP-proton cross sections for dark matter particles with masses close to the Planck scale.

Abstract

Multiple viable theoretical models predict heavy dark matter particles with a mass close to the Planck mass, a range relatively unexplored by current experimental measurements. We use 219.4 days of data collected with the XENON1T experiment to conduct a blind search for signals from multiply interacting massive particles (MIMPs). Their unique track signature allows a targeted analysis with only 0.05 expected background events from muons. Following unblinding, we observe no signal candidate events. This Letter places strong constraints on spin-independent interactions of dark matter particles with a mass between 1×10$^{12}$ and 2×10$^{17}$  GeV/c$^{2}$. In addition, we present the first exclusion limits on spin-dependent MIMP-neutron and MIMP-proton cross sections for dark matter particles with masses close to the Planck scale.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > General Physics and Astronomy
Uncontrolled Keywords:General Physics and Astronomy
Language:English
Date:30 June 2023
Deposited On:22 Dec 2023 11:32
Last Modified:28 Jun 2024 03:31
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN:0031-9007
OA Status:Hybrid
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevlett.130.261002
PubMed ID:37450817
Project Information:
  • : FunderNational Science Foundation
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  • : FunderSchweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
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  • : FunderBundesministerium für Bildung, Wissenschaft, Forschung und Technologie
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  • : FunderMax-Planck-Gesellschaft
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  • : FunderDeutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft
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  • : FunderHelmholtz-Gemeinschaft
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  • : FunderNederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek
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  • : FunderWeizmann Institute of Science
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  • : FunderIsrael Science Foundation
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  • : FunderUnited States-Israel Binational Science Foundation
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  • : FunderFundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia
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  • : FunderConseil Régional des Pays de la Loire
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  • : FunderKnut och Alice Wallenbergs Stiftelse
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  • : FunderKavli Foundation
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  • : FunderJapan Society for the Promotion of Science
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  • : FunderJapan Science and Technology Agency
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  • : FunderTsinghua University
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  • : FunderIstituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare Sezione di Padova
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  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)