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Search for gravitational-wave bursts in the third Advanced LIGO-Virgo run with coherent WaveBurst enhanced by machine learning


Szczepańczyk, Marek J; Salemi, Francesco; Bini, Sophie; Mishra, Tanmaya; Vedovato, Gabriele; Gayathri, V; Bartos, Imre; Bhaumik, Shubhagata; Drago, Marco; Halim, Odysse; Lazzaro, Claudia; Miani, Andrea; Milotti, Edoardo; Prodi, Giovanni A; Tiwari, Shubhanshu; Klimenko, Sergey (2023). Search for gravitational-wave bursts in the third Advanced LIGO-Virgo run with coherent WaveBurst enhanced by machine learning. Physical review D, 107(6):062002.

Abstract

This paper presents a search for generic short-duration gravitational-wave (GW) transients (or GW bursts) in the data from the third observing run of Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo. We use a coherent WaveBurst (cWB) pipeline enhanced with a decision-tree classification algorithm for more efficient separation of GW signals from noise transients. The machine-learning (ML) algorithm is trained on a representative set of noise events and a set of simulated stochastic signals that are not correlated with any known signal model. This training procedure preserves the model-independent nature of the search. We demonstrate that the ML-enhanced cWB pipeline can detect GW signals at a larger distance than previous model-independent searches. The sensitivity improvements are achieved across the broad spectrum of simulated signals, with the goal of testing the robustness of this model-agnostic search. At a false-alarm rate of one event per century, the detectable signal amplitudes are reduced up to almost an order of magnitude, most notably for the single-cycle signal morphologies. This ML-enhanced pipeline also improves the detection efficiency of compact binary mergers in a wide range of masses, from stellar mass to intermediate-mass black holes, both with circular and elliptical orbits. After excluding previously detected compact binaries, no new gravitational-wave signals are observed for the twofold Hanford-Livingston and the threefold Hanford-Livingston-Virgo detector networks. With the improved sensitivity of the all-sky search, we obtain the most stringent constraints on the isotropic emission of gravitational-wave energy from short-duration burst sources.

Abstract

This paper presents a search for generic short-duration gravitational-wave (GW) transients (or GW bursts) in the data from the third observing run of Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo. We use a coherent WaveBurst (cWB) pipeline enhanced with a decision-tree classification algorithm for more efficient separation of GW signals from noise transients. The machine-learning (ML) algorithm is trained on a representative set of noise events and a set of simulated stochastic signals that are not correlated with any known signal model. This training procedure preserves the model-independent nature of the search. We demonstrate that the ML-enhanced cWB pipeline can detect GW signals at a larger distance than previous model-independent searches. The sensitivity improvements are achieved across the broad spectrum of simulated signals, with the goal of testing the robustness of this model-agnostic search. At a false-alarm rate of one event per century, the detectable signal amplitudes are reduced up to almost an order of magnitude, most notably for the single-cycle signal morphologies. This ML-enhanced pipeline also improves the detection efficiency of compact binary mergers in a wide range of masses, from stellar mass to intermediate-mass black holes, both with circular and elliptical orbits. After excluding previously detected compact binaries, no new gravitational-wave signals are observed for the twofold Hanford-Livingston and the threefold Hanford-Livingston-Virgo detector networks. With the improved sensitivity of the all-sky search, we obtain the most stringent constraints on the isotropic emission of gravitational-wave energy from short-duration burst sources.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > Nuclear and High Energy Physics
Language:English
Date:6 March 2023
Deposited On:01 Jan 2024 15:06
Last Modified:28 Jun 2024 03:32
Publisher:American Physical Society
ISSN:2470-0010
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevd.107.062002
Project Information:
  • : FunderAlfred P. Sloan Foundation
  • : Grant ID
  • : Project Title