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The DL Advocate: playing the devil’s advocate with hidden systematic uncertainties


Golutvin, Andrei; Iniukhin, Aleksandr; Mauri, Andrea; Owen, Patrick; Serra, Nicola; Ustyuzhanin, Andrey (2023). The DL Advocate: playing the devil’s advocate with hidden systematic uncertainties. European Physical Journal C - Particles and Fields, 83(9):779.

Abstract

We propose a new method based on machine learning to play the devil’s advocate and investigate the impact of unknown systematic effects in a quantitative way. This method proceeds by reversing the measurement process and using the physics results to interpret systematic effects under the Standard Model hypothesis. We explore this idea with two alternative approaches: the first one relies on a combination of gradient descent and optimisation techniques, its application and potentiality is illustrated with an example that studies the branching fraction measurement of a heavy-flavour decay. The second method employs reinforcement learning and it is applied to the determination of the $$P_{5}^{'}$$ angular observable in $$B^0 \rightarrow K^{*0} {\mu ^+\mu ^-}$$ decays. We find that for the former, the size of a hypothetical hidden systematic uncertainty strongly depends on the kinematic overlap between the signal and normalisation channel, while the latter is very robust against possible mismodellings of the efficiency.

Abstract

We propose a new method based on machine learning to play the devil’s advocate and investigate the impact of unknown systematic effects in a quantitative way. This method proceeds by reversing the measurement process and using the physics results to interpret systematic effects under the Standard Model hypothesis. We explore this idea with two alternative approaches: the first one relies on a combination of gradient descent and optimisation techniques, its application and potentiality is illustrated with an example that studies the branching fraction measurement of a heavy-flavour decay. The second method employs reinforcement learning and it is applied to the determination of the $$P_{5}^{'}$$ angular observable in $$B^0 \rightarrow K^{*0} {\mu ^+\mu ^-}$$ decays. We find that for the former, the size of a hypothetical hidden systematic uncertainty strongly depends on the kinematic overlap between the signal and normalisation channel, while the latter is very robust against possible mismodellings of the efficiency.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > Engineering (miscellaneous)
Physical Sciences > Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous), Engineering (miscellaneous)
Language:English
Date:5 September 2023
Deposited On:03 Jan 2024 10:20
Last Modified:29 Jun 2024 01:41
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1434-6044
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1140/epjc/s10052-023-11925-w
  • Content: Published Version
  • Language: English
  • Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)